The J. Paul Getty Museum

After the Bath

Object Details


After the Bath


Edgar Degas (French, 1834 - 1917)




about 1895


Oil on canvas

Object Number:



65.7 × 82.2 cm (25 7/8 × 32 3/8 in.)

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Object Description

Women can never forgive me; they hate me, they feel that I am disarming them. I show them without their coquetry.
--Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas often depicted women in awkward and inelegant poses, eliciting sharp criticism. His comment above makes clear that he was aware of this response to his work. An early practitioner of Realism, Degas captured women engaged in mundane tasks--laundresses ironing, prostitutes waiting for clients, and, most frequently, women bathing.

The intimate subject of this painting, a woman bathing in a private interior, is one that invites voyeurism. Degas depicted the woman lying on a divan, while her maid dries or combs her hair. With her back pushed to the extreme foreground of the images, she seems to hold the viewer at bay. Bracing herself with her left arm, the woman uncomfortably raises her left leg against the edge of the bathtub. Such unnatural poses have perplexed critics of Degas's time, as they do viewers today. Some see these poses as an attempt to depict human movement not in idealized forms, but in ordinary, private behavior. Others see such representations of women as misogynistic.

about 1895 - 1918

Edgar Degas (L.657, L.658, L.658bis), French, 1834 - 1917 [sold, Degas sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, May 6-8, 1918, lot 53, to Jacques Seligmann, Durand-Ruel, and other dealers.]
Source: JPGM, Paintings Department, curatorial files, letter from Caroline Durand-Ruel Godfroy, April 23, 2001.

1918 - 1921

Jacques Seligmann, French, 1858 - 1923 [sold, Seligmann sale, American Art Association, New York, January 27, 1921, lot 7, through Durand-Ruel & Cie. (Paris, France) to Albert Barnes.]
Source: JPGM, Paintings Department, curatorial files, letter from Caroline Durand-Ruel Godfroy, April 23, 2001.

1921 - 1935

Dr. Albert Barnes, 1872 - 1951 (Merion Station, Pennsylvania), by partial exchange with Galerie E. Bignou for Paul Cézanne's Four Bathers, May 24, 1935.
Source: Barnes Foundation archive, index card for no. 290 (Degas, After the Bath); JPGM, Paintings Department, curatorial files, fax from Kimberly Camp, July 12, 2001.

1935 -

Galerie E. Bignou (Paris, France; New York, New York)

by 1937 - 1939

Ambroise Vollard, French, 1867 - 1939, by inheritance within the Vollard family.

1939 - 1985

Vollard Family, sold to Paul Josefowitz, 1985.

1985 - 1995

Paul Josefowitz, 1952 - 2013 (Switzerland) [sold, Sotheby's, New York, November 8, 1995, lot 35, to a private collector.]

1995 - 2001

Private Collection (New York, New York), sold through Alex Apsis (New York, New York), to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001.

Degas (March to April 1937)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris), March to April 1937
Degas: Images of Women (September 21 to December 31, 1989)
  • Tate Gallery - Liverpool, September 21 to December 31, 1989
From Manet to Gauguin: Masterpieces from Swiss Private Collections (June 30 to October 8, 1995)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), June 30 to October 8, 1995
Degas at the Getty (March 7 to June 11, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 7 to June 11, 2006
Degas and the Nude (October 9, 2011 to July 1, 2012)
  • Musée d'Orsay (Paris), March 12 to July 1, 2012
Degas: Impressions (March 22 to July 24, 2016)
  • The Museum of Modern Art (New York), March 22 to July 24, 2016
Degas: Practice and Progress (February 11 to May 20, 2018)
  • Denver Art Museum (Denver), February 11 to May 20, 2018

Galerie Georges Petit, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux, pastels et dessins par Edgar Degas et provenant de son atelier. May 6-8, 1918, p. 31, lot 53, ill.

American Art Association, New York. The Notable Private Collection of Paintings and Pastels by the Great French Master Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas, Formed by the Widely Known Antiquarian Jacques Seligmann of Paris. January 27, 1921, unpaginated, lot 7, ill.

Bouchot-Saupique, Jacqueline, and Marie Delaroche-Vernet. Degas, exh. cat. (Paris: Orangerie des Tuileries, 1937), p. 53, no. 54 (as "Femme se contorsionnant près d'une baignoire [....] / Collection Ambroise Vollard").

Lemoisne, Paul A. Degas et son oeuvre. 4 vols. (Paris: Paul Brame et C. M. de Hauke, 1946; repr., New York and London: Garland, 1984), vol. 3, pp. 638-39, no. 1104, ill.

Russoli, Franco, and Fiorella Minervino. L'opera completa di Degas (Milan: Rizzoli, 1970), p. 131, no. 990, ill.

Boggs, Jean Sutherland. "Degas at the Museum: Works in the Philadelphia Museum of Art and John G. Johnson Collection." Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 81, no. 346 (Spring 1985), pp. 30, 42n74.

Kendall, Richard, et al. Degas: Images of Women, exh. cat. (Liverpool: Tate Gallery, 1989), pp. 64-65, 71, no. 41, ill., entry by Richard Kendall.

Sotheby's, New York. Impressionist and Modern Art, Part I. November 8, 1995, unpaginated, lot 35, ill.

Kosinski, Dorothy, et al. From Manet to Gauguin: Masterpieces from Swiss Private Collections, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, with Ludion Press, 1995), pp. 64-65, no. 15, ill.

Kendall, Richard. Degas: Beyond Impressionism, exh. cat. (London: National Gallery Publications, 1996), pp. 27, 119, 156, fig. 128.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 138-39, ill.

Shackelford, George T. M., et al. Degas and the Nude, exh. cat. (Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 2011), pp. 194-95, 229, fig. 210.

Rey, Xavier, et al. Degas et le nu, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée d'Orsay, with Éditions Hazan, 2012), pp. 130, 222, 223, 267, fig. 222.

Degas et le nu: Album de l'exposition / Degas and the Nude: Album of the Exhibition (Paris: Musée d'Orsay, with Hazan, 2012), pp. 36, 38, 40, fig. 44.

Shackelford, George T. M. et al. Degas et le nu, exh. cat. (Paris: Edition Hazan, 2012), pp. 130, 222-23, fig. 222.

Allan, Scott C. "Posing Problems: Degas's Handling of the Nude." In Cézanne and the Modern: Masterpieces of European Art from the Pearlman Collection, exh. cat. (Princeton: Princeton University Art Museum, with Yale University Press, 2014), pp. 120-21, fig. 75.

Fredericksen, Burton B. The Burdens of Wealth: Paul Getty and His Museum (Bloomington: Archway Publishing, 2015), p. 399.

Hauptman, Jodi. Degas: A Strange New Beauty, exh. cat. (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2016), pp. 223, 235, cat. 173, ill.

Munro, Jane. "The Nude." In Degas: A Passion for Perfection, exh. cat. (Cambridge: Fitzwilliam Museum, with Yale University Press, 2017), p. 113.

Allan, Scott, Davide Gasparotto, Peter Björn Kerber, and Anne T. Woollett. Masterpieces of Painting: J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2018), pp. 16, 128, ill.

Moore, George, and Walter Sickert. Memories of Degas (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2019), p. 21, ill.