The J. Paul Getty Museum

Landscape

Object Details

Title:

Landscape

Artist/Maker:

Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599 - 1641)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

about 1640

Medium:

Pen and brown ink and watercolor

Object Number:

85.GG.96

Dimensions:

18.9 × 36.4 cm (7 7/16 × 14 5/16 in.)

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Object Description

Amidst the soft, feathery trees in this English landscape, a subtly rendered house at the right suggests a human presence. Though this country view seems spontaneous, the scene is thoughtfully arranged around the prominent central tree. Anthony van Dyck's rich and translucent colors and the freshness of his watercolor and pen accents lend an almost impressionistic tone to the drawing.

Van Dyck regularly sketched from life during relaxed interludes, all the while successfully creating coherent, unified compositions. This watercolor probably records a momentary impression created while at leisure, but it may also have served as a study for the background of a painting. While in England, van Dyck developed a pastoral style that often presented portrait sitters in a landscape.

Provenance
Provenance
1723

Nicolaes Anthoni Flinck (L.959), Dutch, 1646 - 1723, sold to William Cavendish, second duke of Devonshire, 1723.

1723-1729

William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1673 - 1729 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire, 1729.

1729-1755

William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, English, 1698 - 1755 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fourth duke of Devonshire, 1755.

1755-1764

William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 1720 - 1764 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William Cavendish, fifth duke of Devonshire, 1764.

1764-1811

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, 1748 - 1811 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son William George Spencer Cavendish, sixth duke of Devonshire, 1811.

1811-1858

William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, 1790 - 1858 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his cousin William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire, 1858.

1858-1891

William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, 1808 - 1891 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Spencer Compton Cavendish, eighth duke of Devonshire, 1891.

1891-1908

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, 1833 - 1908 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew Victor Christian William Cavendish, ninth duke of Devonshire, 1908.

1908-1938

Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, 1868 - 1938 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Edward William Spencer Cavendish, tenth duke of Devonshire, 1938.

1938-1950

Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire, 1895 - 1950 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to his son Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, eleventh duke of Devonshire, 1950.

1950-1984

Andrew Robert Buxton Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire, 1920 - 2004 (Chatsworth, Derbyshire, England) [sold, Old Master Drawings of Chatsworth, Christie's, London, July 3, 1984, lot 58 to private dealer.]

1984-1985

Private Dealer, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (1949) (Cat. by A.E. Popham, et al.)
  • Arts Council England (London), 1949
Le Cento Opere di van Dyck (June to August 1955)
  • Palazzo dell' Academia (Genoa), June to August 1955
Antoon van Dyck: Tekeningen en olieverfschetsen (July 1 to November 6, 1960) (Cat. by R.A. d'Hulst and H. Vey)
  • Rubenshuis (Antwerp), July 1 to August 31, 1960
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), September 10 to November 6, 1960
Paintings and Drawings by Van Dyck (February 28 to March 24, 1960) (Cat. by O. Millar)
  • Nottingham University Art Gallery (Nottingham), February 28 to March 24, 1960
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth: A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection (1962 to 1963) (Cat. by A.E. Popham)
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland), 1962 to 1963
  • Pierpont Morgan Library (New York), 1962 to 1963
  • National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa), 1962 to 1963
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, 1962 to 1963
  • California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco), 1962 to 1963
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), 1962 to 1963
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1962 to 1963
Old Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition from the Devonshire Collection (July 5 to August 21 1969) (Cat. by A.E. Popham)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), July 5 to August 21, 1969
The Age of Charles I: Painting in England 1620-1649 (1972) (Cat. by O. Millar)
  • Tate Britain (London), 1972
Old Master Drawings from Chatsworth (January 25 to March 23, 1975)
  • National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo), January 25 to March 23, 1975
Old Master Drawings: A Loan Exhibition from the Duke of Devonshire (April to July 1977)
  • The Israel Museum (Jerusalem), April to July 1977
Drawings by Anthony van Dyck (February 12 to August 11, 1991) (Cat. by C. Brown)
  • Pierpont Morgan Library (New York), February 12 to April 21, 1991
  • Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth), June 1 to August 11, 1991
European Landscape Drawings of the 15th through 19th Century (October 6 to December 13, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 6 to December 13, 1992
Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens (October 15 to November 28, 1993)
  • Wellesley College Museum (Wellesley), October 15 to November 28, 1993
Flemish Drawings of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (August 29 to November 12, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), August 29 to November 12, 1995
The Light of Nature: Landscape Drawings and Watercolors by Van Dyck and His Contemporaries (May 15 to November 28, 1999) (Cat. by M. Royalton-Kisch, see also pp. 10, 12, 13, 37, 80, 104, 106, 107, 108, 164, 174.)
  • Rubenshuis (Antwerp), May 15 to August 22, 1999
  • The British Museum (London), September 10 to November 28, 1999
Drawing the Landscape: 1500 - 1800 (January 23 to April 15, 2001)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2001
The Prismatic Palette: Four Centuries of Watercolors (October 5, 2004 to January 2, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 5, 2004 to January 2, 2005
The Poetry of Paper (July 23 to October 20, 2013)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 23 to October 20, 2013
Artists on the Move: Journeys and Drawings (February 11 to May 3, 2020)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 11 to May 3, 2020