The J. Paul Getty Museum

Grave Stele of Philoxenos with his Wife, Philoumene

Object Details

Title:

Grave Stele of Philoxenos with his Wife, Philoumene

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Greece (Attica) (Place Created)

Date:

about 400 B.C.

Medium:

Marble

Object Number:

83.AA.378

Dimensions:

102.2 × 44.5 × 16.5 cm (40 1/4 × 17 1/2 × 6 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

Philoxenos, wearing the armor of a warrior, tands before his wife Philomene, clasping her hand, on this stele (gravestone) from Athens. The figures were originally elaborated with painted details. A Greek inscription engraved above them identifies the couple. The handshake motif, or dexiosis, was a symbolic gesture that could represent a simple farewell, a reunion in the afterlife, or an ongoing connection between the deceased and the living.

It is often difficult to tell which figure represents the deceased on grave markers of the late 400s B.C. The living rarely display sorrow or grief. Instead, their calm, expressionless faces reproduce the idealized features and detachment that prevailed in the sculptural style of Athens at this time. Philoxenos, here represented as a soldier, probably distinguished himself in combat. 

Provenance
Provenance
by 1973 -

Robin Symes, Limited, founded 1977, dissolved 2005

by 1976 -

Walter Randel, American, (New York, New York)

by 1982 - 1983

Artemis Fine Arts Ltd. (Luxembourg), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography
Bibliography

Artemis S.A. Report for 1981/1982. (London: 1983), pp. 8-9, ill.

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), p. 234, no. 7.

Pleket, H.W., R.S. Stroud, eds. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 34 (Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1984), 234.

J. Paul Getty Museum advertisement. The V&A Album 3 (1984), p. 85, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 29.

Manchester, Karen Lynne. The Grave Relief of Philoxenos and Philomene. M.A. Thesis (unpublished), University of California at Los Angeles: 1986.

Butz, Patricia. Exequial paleographics: A catalogue of the later inscriptions in Greek on the funerary stones of the J. Paul Getty Museum. MA thesis. (University of Southern California, 1987), Appendix B, p. 209.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 22.

Vallera-Rickerson, I., and M. Korma. "Merika ellenika ekthemata tou Mouseiou Getty." Archaiologia 43 (1992), p. 85, fig. 5.

Clairmont, Christoph W. Classical Attic Tombstones. (Kilchberg, Switzerland: Akanthus, 1993), vol. 2, pp. 84-85, no. 2.121.

Osborne, M.J., and Byrne, S.G., eds., A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, vol.2, Attica (Oxford, 1994) p. 324, p. 458, no. 69, p. 460, no. 28.

Bergemann, Johannes. Demos and Thanatos. Untersuchungen zum Wertsystem der Polis im Spiegel der attischen Grabreliefs des 4. Jahrhunderts v.Chr. und zur Funktion der gleichzeitigen Grabbauten. Munich: 1997, pp. 63, n. 305; 160, no. 73, cat. 2.121; pl. 15, 1.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 49.

Bodel, John, and Stephen Tracy. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA: A Checklist (New York: American Academy in Rome, 1997), p. 6.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Greek Funerary Sculpture: Catalogue of the Collections at the Getty Villa (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 15-17, cat. no. 4.

Yalom, M., A History of the Wife (New York, 2001) p. 17, p. 17.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: 2002), p. 22.

Recke, Matthias. Gewalt und Leid: Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari, 2002), Taf. 78c.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Looking at Greek and Roman Sculpture in Stone (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 88, ill.

Spivey, Nigel and Squire, Michael. Panorama of the Classical World (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2004), p. 203, fig. 325.

Laurin, Joseph R. Women of Ancient Athens (Victoria: Trafford, 2005), p. 264, fig. 7.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 4, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 20.

Arrington, Nathan T. Ashes, Images, and Memories: The Presence of the War Dead in Fifth-century Athens (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 220-221, fig. 6.10.