Nicolas-Quinibert Foliot

Dates1706 - 1776

Born into a family of chairmakers and furniture carvers, Nicolas-Quinibert Foliot distinguished himself as a skilled menuisier running a prosperous workshop for forty years in Paris in the 1700s. For much of his career, he worked for the French court, sending furniture to the palaces of Versailles, Compiègne, and Fontainebleau. This earned him the title of menuisier du Garde-Meuble du Roi (Furniture-Maker to the King's Household). In one year alone, he delivered 60 beds, 50 screens, 4 settees, 135 armchairs, 468 chairs, 21 benches, and 84 stools, for the sum of 18,200 livres.

Guild records reveal that four out of the five employees in Foliot's small workshop went on strike in 1749. At the court inquiry, Foliot's wife complained that he had "obtained an important order from customers whom she could not name, and [he] felt that the workmen were obliged to return to work." The order may have been from either royalty or the nobility, as Foliot's private clients included Madame Louise-Elisabeth, Duchess of Parma. Despite labor difficulties, Foliot earned enough money to purchase two houses in Paris and a house in the country, where he kept an excellent wine cellar. His widow continued his business after his death in 1776.