Jean-François de Troy

Dates1679 - 1752
BornParis, France
DiedRome, Italy

Jean-François de Troy made tableaux de mode famous. Rather than the idyllic, theatrical depictions of his predecessors, De Troy showed the life of fashionable French society in a detailed, accurate, and non-judgmental way. The lively, social De Troy made portraits, historical, mythological, and religious paintings. Born into a family of painters, De Troy studied with his father, then attended the Académie Royale, where his father was professor and director. Jean-François traveled to Italy at his father's expense, staying from 1699 to 1706. He gained Académie membership in 1708 and later became a professor himself. Along with painting for the French court and society's elite, De Troy made cartoons for the Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory. His cartoon depicting the story of Esther was woven eight times during the 1700s. In 1738 De Troy became director of the Académie de France in Rome, where he encouraged many young artists, particularly sculptor Jacques-François-Joseph Saly. De Troy's wife died prematurely and he lost of all his seven children. Replaced in 1751 as the director of the Académie in Rome, he died of grief at the thought of leaving a Roman woman with whom he had fallen in love.