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ID: 500008780
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500008780

 
Record Type: Person
Pontormo (Italian painter and draftsman, 1494-1557)

Note: Pontormo was one of the leaders of the Mannerist movement, best known for portraits and religious subjects. He was a painter's son from Pontormo, Italy. When young, he was immersed in High Renaissance artistic ideals as apprentice to Leonardo da Vinci and others in Florence. He developed an agitated emotionalism that was a dramatic departure from his masters' emphasis on balance and tranquility. Hallmarks of his mature Mannerist style include psychic energy over physicality, linear rhythms, restless movement, ambiguous space, and vivid colors. For Pontormo, unlike most of his Florentine contemporaries, Pontormo also studied northern European artists, particularly Albrecht Dürer. During the last ten years of his life, Pontormo became increasingly reclusive and disturbed, shunning even Agnolo Bronzino, who had been like an adopted son to him.

Names:
Pontormo (preferred,V,display,English-P,NA,U)
Pontormo (Italian-P,NA,U)
Pontormo, Jacopo (V)
Jacopo Pontormo (V)
Pontormo, Jacopo da (V,LC)
Carucci, Jacopo (V)
Jacopo Carucci (V)
Jacopo Carrucci (V)
Pontormo, Jacopo Carucci da (V)
Giacomo da Pontorno (V)
Iacopo da Pontormo (V)
Iacopo da Puntormo (V)
Jacomo da Pontormo (V)
Jacques Pontormo (V)
Pontormo, Carucci (V)
Pontormo, Carrucci (V)
Pontormo, Jacopo Carucci (V)
Jacopo Carucci Pontormo (V)
Da Pontormo, Jacopo (U)
Jacopo (U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine

Roles:
artist (preferred)
draftsman
painter
portraitist
religious artist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Pontorme (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assistant of ....  Ghirlandaio, Ridolfo  
......................  (Italian painter, 1483-1561) [500002132]
child of ....  Bartolommeo di Jacopo di Martino  
..............  (Italian painter, died 1499) [500115895]
collaborated with ....  Granacci, Francesco  
................................  (Italian painter and scenographer, 1469-1543) [500022051]
student of ....  Sarto, Andrea del  
..................  (Florentine painter, 1486-1530) [500025314]
teacher of ....  Altissimo, Cristofano dell'  
..................  (Italian painter, ca.1525-1605) [500008488]
teacher of ....  Bronzino, Agnolo  
..................  (Italian painter, 1503-1572) [500004362]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Pontormo (I)

Biographies:
(Italian painter and draftsman, 1494-1557) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian, 1494-1557) ..... [JPGM]
(Italian painter, 1494-1557) ..... [BHA]
(Italian painter, 1494-1557) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Italian painter, 1494-1557) ..... [PROV]
(Italian artist, 1494-1557) ..... [WCP]
(Italian artist, 1494-1557) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Italian artist, died ca. 1556) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian artist, died ca. 1556) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter, 1494-1556) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1494-1556) ..... [GRL]
(Italian artist, 1494-1557) ..... [PROV]
(Unknown artist) ..... [GRISC]
(Italian artist) ..... [PROV]

Additional Names:
Carrucci, Jacopo (U)
Giacomo (U)
Pontorno, Giacomo da (U)
Da Pontormo, Giacomo (U)
Iacopo (U)
Pontormo, Iacopo da (U)
Da Pontormo, Iacopo (U)
Jacomo (U)
Pontormo, Jacomo da (U)
Da Pontormo, Jacomo (U)
Jacques (U)
Pontormo, Jacques (U)
Carucci (LU,U)
Giacomo Bonturno Fiorentino (LU,U)
Giacomo Carucci (LU,U)
Giacomo Carucci, called il Puntormo (LU,U)
Giacomo da Pontolmo (LU,U)
Giacomo da Pontormo (LU,U)
Giacomo di Pontormo (LU,U)
Giacomo di Pontorno (LU,U)
Giacomo Pontorno (LU,U)
Giacomo Puntormo (LU,U)
Giac. Puntormo (LU,U)
Iacomo del Pontormo (LU,U)
Iacopo da Puntorno (LU,U)
Iacopo Pontormo (LU,U)
jac. da pontormo (LU,U)
Jacob Carruci, dit le Pontormo (LU,U)
Jacob Carucci, dit Le Pontorme (LU,U)
Jacob de Purtormo (LU,U)
Jacobo da Pontormo (LU,U)
Jacobo da Puntormo (LU,U)
Jacomo da Puntormo (LU,U)
Jacomo de Pontormo (LU,U)
Jacomo Pontorno (LU,U)
jacopo carrucci (LU,U)
Jacopo Carrucci da Pontormo (LU,U)
jacopo carrucci, gen. pontormo (LU,U)
jacopo carrucci gen. pontormo (LU,U)
Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo (LU,U)
jacopo da pontormo (LU,U)
jacopo da pontormo, eigentlich j. carucci (LU,U)
Jacques Carrucci, dit Le Pontorme (LU,U)
Jacques Pontorme (LU,U)
Pontono (LU,U)
Pontorme (LU,U)
Pontormo, Giacomo Carucci da (LU,U)
Pontormo, Jacopo Caruccida (LU,U)
pontormo, jacopo da (LU,U)
Pontorno (LU,U)
Puntormo (LU,U)

Sources and Contributors:
Carrucci, Jacopo ........ [GRL]
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Carucci ........ [PROV]
.................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Carucci, Jacopo ........ [AVERY, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Da Pontormo, Giacomo ........ [GRL]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Da Pontormo, Iacopo ........ [GRL]
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Da Pontormo, Jacomo ........ [GRL]
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Da Pontormo, Jacopo ........ [GRL]
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Giacomo ........ [GRL]
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Giacomo Bonturno Fiorentino ........ [PROV]
.......................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo Carucci ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo Carucci, called il Puntormo ........ [PROV]
...................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo da Pontolmo ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo da Pontorno ........ [PROV]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo di Pontormo ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo di Pontorno ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo Pontorno ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giacomo Puntormo ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Giac. Puntormo ........ [PROV]
..............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacomo del Pontormo ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacopo ........ [GRL, PROV]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
...............  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacopo da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacopo da Puntormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacopo da Puntorno ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Iacopo Pontormo ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
jac. da pontormo ........ [PROV]
..............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacob Carruci, dit le Pontormo ........ [PROV]
.........................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacob Carucci, dit Le Pontorme ........ [PROV]
..........................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacob de Purtormo ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacobo da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacobo da Puntormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacomo ........ [GRL]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Jacomo da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacomo da Puntormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacomo de Pontormo ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacomo Pontorno ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacopo ........ [GRL]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Jacopo Carrucci ........ [BHA, GRLPA, PROV]
................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
jacopo carrucci ........ [PROV]
..............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacopo Carrucci da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
.....................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
jacopo carrucci, gen. pontormo ........ [PROV]
........................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
jacopo carrucci gen. pontormo ........ [PROV]
......................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacopo Carucci ........ [PROV]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo ........ [PROV]
...................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacopo Carucci Pontormo ........ [AVERY, VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
jacopo da pontormo ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
jacopo da pontormo, eigentlich j. carucci ........ [PROV]
..........................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacopo Pontormo ........ [GRISC, PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacques ........ [GRL]
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Jacques Carrucci, dit Le Pontorme ........ [PROV]
................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacques Pontorme ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Jacques Pontormo ........ [PROV]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontono ........ [PROV]
.................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontorme ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo ........ [PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................  Hartt, Italian Renaissance Art (1969) index
...................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 15 October 2003
...................  Janson, History of Art, 5th edition (1997) index
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo, Carrucci ........ [WL-Courtauld]
......................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Pontormo, Carucci ........ [WL-Courtauld]
....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Pontormo, Giacomo Carucci da ........ [PROV]
.......................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo, Iacopo da ........ [GRL]
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Pontormo, Jacomo da ........ [GRL]
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Pontormo, Jacopo ........ [GRISC Preferred, GRLPA, PROV, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..................................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Pontormo, Jacopo Carucci ........ [AVERY Preferred]
.................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Pontormo, Jacopo Carucci da ........ [PROV, VP]
.....................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.....................................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1970) index
.....................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo, Jacopo Caruccida ........ [PROV]
.....................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo, Jacopo da ........ [GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP]
......................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1996) index
......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 February 2003
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
pontormo, jacopo da ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontormo, Jacques ........ [GRL]
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Pontorno ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pontorno, Giacomo da ........ [GRL]
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 85800632
Puntormo ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BBF/Zeri
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (1949-1951)
....................  Fredericksen and Zeri, Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings (1972)
....................  Freedberg, Painting in Italy, 1500-1600 (1975)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n85800632
....................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1996) index
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 February 2003
....................  Hartt, Italian Renaissance Art (1969) index
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 15 October 2003
....................  Janson, History of Art, 5th edition (1997) index
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n85800632
....................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
....................  Oxford Companion to Art (1970) index
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, GRLPA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 10 February 2003
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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