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ID: 500028112
 
Record Type: Person
Gropius, Walter (American and German architect, teacher, and industrial designer, 1883-1969)

Note: One of the most important architects of the Modern movement, Gropius studied architecture in Munich and Berlin, then worked in the studio of Peter Behrens in Neubabelsberg. From 1910 to 1914, he worked as an architect in Berlin. After the war, he chaired the Staatliche Bauhaus at Weimar, then at Dessau. He left the Bauhaus in 1928, working in Berlin as an architect again. Gropius emigrated to England in 1934. In 1937, he went to the United States permanently, eventually becoming an citizen in 1944. He joined TAC (The Architects Collective) after the war, producing many structures and praticing until his death. American architect.

Names:
Gropius, Walter (preferred,V,index,LC)
Walter Gropius (V,display)
Gropius, Walter Adolf (V)
Gropius, Walter Adolf Georg (V)
Gropius, Georg Walter Adolf (V)
Mass (V)  ....  pseudonym
Walter Adolf Gropius (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
German
undetermined

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
industrial designer
teacher
professor
director (administrator)

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Boston (Suffolk county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1883 - 1934  Germany (Europe) (nation)
active:   1934-1936  England (United Kingdom) (country)
active:   1937-1969  United States (North and Central America) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
employee of ....  Behrens, Peter  
....................  (German architect, painter, and designer, 1868-1940) [500022843]
employee was ....  Brandt, Marianne  from 1924 to 1926
......................  (German metalworker and designer, 1893-1984) [500019983]
employee was ....  Breuer, Marcel  1928-1931
......................  (American and Hungarian architect and furniture designer, 1902-1981) [500118800]
employee was ....  Fieger, Carl  1921-1934
......................  (German architect and designer, 1893-1960) [500033590]
employee was ....  Forbát, Fred  1920-1922
......................  (Hungarian architect and urban planner, 1897-1972) [500097878]
employee was ....  Krajewski, Max Sinowjewitsch  from 1926 to 1927
......................  (Polish artist and architect, 1901-1971, active in Germany and the Soviet Union) [500034164]
employee was ....  Neufert, Ernst  
......................  (German architect, 1900-1986) [500033591]
employee was ....  Volger, Hans  from 1927
......................  (German architect and engineer, 1904-1973) [500033601]
founder of ....  Bauhaus  
..................  (German art school, 1919-1933) [500125058]
member of ....  Architects Collaborative, Inc.  
................  (American architectural firm, active from 1945) [500258143]
member of ....  Die gläserne Kette  in 1919 and 1920
................  (German correspondence writers, 1919-1920) [500045865]
partner of ....  Breuer, Marcel  1937-1941
..................  (American and Hungarian architect and furniture designer, 1902-1981) [500118800]
spouse of ....  Gropius, Ise  
................  (German architectural critic and historian, 1897-1983) [500211060]
teacher at (person to institution) ....  Black Mountain College  
............................................................  (American liberal arts college, active 1933-1957) [500125890]
teacher of ....  Duhart Harosteguy, Emilio  
..................  (Chilean architect, 1917-2006) [500104707]
teacher of ....  Feininger, Andreas  from 1922 to 1925
..................  (American photographer, 1906-1999) [500031430]
teacher of ....  Kanvinde, Achyut  
..................  (Indian architect, 1916-2002) [500122634]
teacher of ....  Kramer, Ferdinand  
..................  (German and American architect, 1898-1985) [500000329]
teacher of ....  Olsen, Donald E.  
..................  (American architect, 1919-2015) [500064559]
teacher of ....  Rossant, James S.  
..................  (American architect, 1928-2009) [500086785]
teacher of ....  Seidler, Harry  
..................  (Australian architect, 1923-2006) [500011564]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Gropius, Walter (I)

Biographies:
(American and German architect, teacher, and industrial designer, 1883-1969) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American architect, 1883-1969) ..... [AVERY]
(American and German architect, professor and director (administrator); born Berlin (Germany), 1883; died Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 1969) ..... [CCA]
(American architect, 1883-1969) ..... [BHA]
(architect, 1883-1969) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American architect, 1883-1969) ..... [AVERY]
(American architect, 1883-1969) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1883-1969) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Sources and Contributors:
Gropius, Georg Walter Adolf ........ [CCA, VP]
......................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Gropius, Walter ........ [AVERY Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 April 2005
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80076591
................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 80076591 accessed 19 April 2005
Gropius, Walter Adolf ........ [BHA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, VP]
...........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
...........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Gropius, Walter Adolf Georg ........ [Grove Art, VP]
......................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 April 2005
Mass ........ [CCA, VP]
...........  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Walter Adolf Gropius ........ [CL-Courtauld, VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Walter Gropius ........ [CCA, GRISC, VP]
..............................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, Grove Art, VP]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1980)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80076591
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 April 2005
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80076591
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 80076591 accessed 19 April 2005
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  New Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
....................  RLIN-AUT
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Who Was Who in America (1943-)
....................  Whyte, Crystal Chain Letters (1985) 180-181
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP]
.......... CCA Authority File (1980-)
.......... Contemporary Architects (1980) 355
.......... Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
.......... RLIN-AUT
.......... Whyte, Crystal Chain Letters (1985) 180-181
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