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ID: 500121935
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Farnese family (Italian rulers, patrons, and collectors, active 13th-18th centuries)

Note: This illustrious family originated in Lazio, owning a great deal of territory in the region of Lago di Bolsena. In the 13th and 14th centuries they distinguished themselves mainly as civic leaders in Orvieto and as condottieri, usually in the service of the papacy. They became prominent in Rome under Martin V, who made Ranuccio (died ca. 1450) a senator in 1417. The family entered the Roman aristocracy when Ranuccio's son Pier Luigi married Giovanna Caetani. Pier Luigi's son Alessandro (1468-1549), who later became Pope Paul III, is considered the true founder of the family's fortune and power; he is also remembered for his lavish patronage. With the death in 1589 of Alessandro, Paul III's eldest grandson, the family slowly began to decline as a Roman power. Alessandro's brother Ottavio established Parma as the new center where the family continued to flourish. The Farnese line became extinct on the death of Antonio Farnese (1679-1731), and their entire estate passed to the Bourbon Don Carlos (later Charles III of Spain), son of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese, Antonio's niece. The family's collection of art was moved to Naples, where the majority of the antiquities are housed in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, while the paintings are in the Museo e Gallerie Nazionali di Capodimonte.

Names:
Farnese family (preferred,V,display,LC)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)

Roles:
family (preferred)
patrons
collectors
clergy
rulers

Gender: not applicable

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
member was ....  Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma  
..................  (Italian duke, 1545-1592) [500339410]
member was ....  Antonio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza  
..................  (Italian noble, 1679-1731) [500354415]
member was ....  Elizabeth Farnese, Queen consort of Philip V  
..................  (Spanish queen consort, 1692-1766) [500039510]
member was ....  Farnese, Alessandro II, Cardinal  
..................  (Italian patron and cardinal, 1520-1589) [500121936]
member was ....  Farnese, Francesco, Duke of Parma and Piacenza  
..................  (Italian duke, 1678-1727 ) [500353859]
member was ....  Paul III, Pope  
..................  (Italian pope, 1468-1549) [500114692]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Farnese family (I)

Biographies:
(Italian rulers, patrons, and collectors, active 13th-18th centuries) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian family, contemporary) ..... [AVERY]
(artist) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
Farnese family ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRL Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 2 November 2004
.............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) sh 85047330
.............................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 233

Subject: ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 2 November 2004
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 17 July 2012
....................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 233
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 2 November 2004
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 233
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