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ID: 500042686
 
Record Type: Person
Francken, Ruth (American painter, sculptor, and furniture designer, born 1924)

Note: Czech painter assumed American citizenship in 1942. She began her studies with Arthur Segal at the Ruskin School at Oxford 1939-1940. After emigrating to the United States, she continued studying at the Art Students' League in New York City. She worked as a textile desiger from 1943 to 1949, then returned to Europe in 1950 to work as a painter in Venice. She settled in Paris in 1952. In the early 1950s she painted in an abstract style, but gradually turned to sculpture as her primary mode of expression. In the 1960s her sculptures incorporate everyday objects contained in steel, wood, and glass cases, and there are political overtones to work that might otherwise reflect tendencies in pop-art or minimalism. In the 1970s she begins a series of anthropomorphic furniture pieces cast in polyurethane. Francken produced a series of large drawings she called "anti-portraits" from 1977 to 1987 that involved images of figures such as Simone de Beauvoir, Jean-Paul Sartre, Iannis Xenakis, and John Cage. She has lived in Monmartre, Paris since 1985.

Names:
Francken, Ruth (preferred,V,index)
Ruth Francken (V,display)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
Czech
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
painter
draftsman
furniture designer

Gender: female

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Prague (Středočeský, Czech Republic) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   from 1945  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
citizenship:   1942  United States (North and Central America) (nation)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Francken, Ruth (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, sculptor, and furniture designer, born 1924) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Czech artist, active 1970) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American painter) ..... [Grove Art]
(Czech artist, 20th cent.) ..... [WCP]
(American painter 1924-) ..... [GRLPSC]

Sources and Contributors:
Francken, Ruth ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Ruth Francken ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 16 November 2004
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