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ID: 500027041
 
Record Type: Person
Le Corbusier (Swiss architect, painter, and theorist, 1887-1965, active in France)

Note: Born 6 October 1887; died 27 August 1965. Born as Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, he adopted the pseudonym "Le Corbusier" in 1920, to be used when he was active as an architect and theorist; he used the pseudonym for his paintings from ca. 1930. It derived from his maternal grandfather's name, "Lecorbésier." He emigrated to France in 1917 and was naturalized in 1930. Born into a family of horologists and enamelers, he studied at École d'Art in Chaux-de-Fonds, but was largely self-taught in painting and architecture through study trips. In the 1920s he emerged as the most important architect of the "International Style" in France. He established the Fondation Le Corbusier in Paris to care for and make available to scholars his library, architectural drawings, sketches, and paintings.

Names:
Le Corbusier (preferred,V,display,LC,P)  ....  pseudonym adopted in 1920
Corbusier, Le (V)
Corbusier (V)
Jeanneret, Charles Édouard (V,BN)
Jeanneret, Charles Edouard (V)
Charles Edouard Jeanneret (V)
Jeanneret, Charles-Edouard (V)
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Édouard (V)
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Edouard (V)
Gris, Charles Edouard Jeanneret- (V)
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles-Edouard (V)
Le Corbusier, Eduard (V)
Le Corbusier-Saugnier (V)
Corb (V)
Corbu (V)
Jeanneret, Le Corbusier (V)
Jenneret, Charles Edouard (V,index)
Gris, Charles Édouard Jeanneret- (V)
Corbusier, Edouard le (U)
Kebiyi (U)
Korubyujie (U)
Le Korbi︠u︡zʹe (U)
Lu Kūrbūziyah (U)
Ru Korubyujie (U)

Nationalities:
Swiss (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
urban planner
painter
draftsman
theorist
author
sculptor
designer
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchâtel canton, Switzerland) (inhabited place)
Died:  Roquebrune (Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   from 1917  France (Europe) (nation)
active:   before 1917  Switzerland (Europe) (nation)
naturalization:   became naturalized citizen in 1930  France (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Bonet, Antonio  
..........................  (Spanish architect, urban planner, and designer, 1913-1989) [500035947]
apprentice was ....  Karfík, Vladimír  1925
..........................  (Czech architect of Slovenian birth, 1901-1985) [500085695]
apprentice was ....  Salmona, Rogelio  
..........................  (Colombian architect, 1929-2007) [500085663]
apprentice was ....  Sert, Josep Lluís  
..........................  (American architect, 1902-1983) [500010456]
assisted by ....  Ferrari Hardoy, Jorge  ca. 1938
....................  (Argentine architect, 1914-1977) [500089201]
assisted by ....  Gardien, Fernand  
....................  (French architect, active 20th century) [500068134]
assisted by ....  Kurchan, Juan  ca. 1938
....................  (Argentine architect, 1913-1972) [500072714]
associate of ....  Chéreau, Gabriel  
......................  (French lawyer, active mid-20th century) [500224678]
collaborated with ....  Bodiansky, Vladimir  1946-1949
................................  (French engineer, 1894-1966) [500013991]
collaborated with ....  Hervé, Lucien  
................................  (French painter, architectural photographer, 1910-2007, born in Hungary) [500036835]
collaborated with ....  Niemeyer, Oscar  
................................  (Brazilian architect, 1907-2012) [500007310]
collaborated with ....  Savina, Jo  
................................  (French furniture designer and sculptor, 1901-1983) [500269049]
collaborated with ....  Wogenscky, André  from 1945 to 1965
................................  (French architect and draftsman, 1916-2004) [500004765]
cousin of ....  Jeanneret, Pierre  
................  (Swiss architect and furniture designer, 1896-1967) [500004442]
director of ....  Atelier Le Corbusier  
....................  (French architectural studio, established in first quarter of 20th century) [500041216]
employee was ....  Dávid, Károly  ca. 1931
......................  (Hungarian architect, 1903-1973) [500122574]
employee was ....  Doshi, Balkrishna V.  from 1951 to 1957 for major buildings in Chandigarh and Ahmedabad, India
......................  (Indian architect and designer, born 1927) [500034371]
employee was ....  Elzas, Abraham  
......................  (Dutch architect, born 1907 or 1908, died 1995) [500033821]
employee was ....  Matter, Herbert  from 1929 to 1932
......................  (Swiss and American photographer and designer, 1907-1984) [500035065]
employee was ....  Nitzchke, Oscar  
......................  (American and German architect, 1900-1991) [500034334]
employee was ....  Roth, Alfred  
......................  (Swiss architect, 1903-1998) [500033773]
employee was ....  Sachi  from 1953 to 1954, at the Atelier Le Corbusier
......................  (draftsman, active in Paris 1953-1954) [500045487]
employee was ....  Walker, Robin  
......................  (Irish architect, 1924-1991) [500096948]
member of ....  CIAM  
................  (International architectural organization, 1928-1959) [500116220]
partner of ....  Jeanneret, Pierre  1921-1940
..................  (Swiss architect and furniture designer, 1896-1967) [500004442]
partner of ....  Perriand, Charlotte  from 1927 to 1937
..................  (French designer and architect, born 1903) [500015059]
patron was ....  Curutchet, Pedro D.  
..................  (Argentine patron, contemporary) [500212573]
patron was ....  Voison, Gabriel  
..................  (French architect, designer, and manufacturer, 1880-1973) [500282985]
related to ....  Baudouin, Pierre  
..................  (French tapestry designer, 1921-1971) [500000215]
teacher of ....  Backström, Sven  
..................  (Swedish architect, born 1903) [500095777]
teacher of ....  Frey, Albert  1928-1929
..................  (American architect, 1903-1998) [500035061]
teacher of ....  Petrilli, Amedeo  
..................  (Italian architect and writer, 1945-2005) [500065784]
worked with ....  Frey, Albert  1929
....................  (American architect, 1903-1998) [500035061]
worked with ....  Korab, Balthazar  
....................  (Hungarian photographer, 1926-2013) [500097436]
worked with ....  Mange, Ernest  1947-1948
....................  (Brazilian engineer and architect, born 1922) [500118128]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Le Corbusier (I)

Biographies:
(Swiss architect, painter, and theorist, 1887-1965, active in France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1887-1965) ..... [GRL]
(Swiss architect, 1887-1965) ..... [Grove Art]
( architect, 1887-1965) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(French architect) ..... [AVERY]
(French architect) ..... [AVERY]
(French architect) ..... [AVERY]
(French architect) ..... [AVERY]
(French architect) ..... [AVERY]
(French architect, 1887-1965) ..... [AVERY]
( sculptor, 1887-1965) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Swiss artist, 1888-1965) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French architect, painter, 1887-1965) ..... [BHA]
(French architect and painter, 1887-1965) ..... [GRLPSC]
(6.X.1887-27.VIII.1965; Architect, Author, City planner, Painter, Sculptor, France, Suisse) ..... [FDA]
(Architect, draughtsman, writer, theorist, 1887-1965) ..... [CENSUS]
(French and Swiss architect, city planner, artist and painter born La Chaux-de-Fonds (Switzerland), 1887; died Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (France), 1965; active France, from 1917) ..... [CCA]
(French architect and author, 1887-1965) ..... [AVERY]
(Swiss artist, 1888-1965) ..... [WCP]
(French artist, 1887-1965) ..... [WCI]

Sources and Contributors:
Charles Edouard Jeanneret ........ [BHA, GRLPSC]
...................................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
Corb ........ [CCA]
...........  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Corbu ........ [CCA, GRLPSC]
.............  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
Corbusier ........ [AVERY, CCA, GRL]
.....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Corbusier, Edouard le ........ [GRL]
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Corbusier, Le ........ [CCA, CL-Courtauld Preferred, FDA, WCI]
............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Gris, Charles Edouard Jeanneret- ........ [CCA, GRL, VP]
................................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Gris, Charles Édouard Jeanneret- ........ [AVERY]
...............................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Jeanneret, Charles Édouard ........ [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, VP]
....................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
Jeanneret, Charles Edouard ........ [CCA, GRL, GRLPSC, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.....................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
.....................................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) [alternate]
.....................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Jeanneret, Charles-Edouard ........ [CCA, FDA, Grove Art]
.......................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture, Object File.
.......................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Édouard ........ [AVERY, CCA]
...............................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...............................................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles Edouard ........ [CCA, GRL]
................................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Jeanneret-Gris, Charles-Edouard ........ [CCA, CENSUS, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture, Object File.
..................................................................  Le Corbusier, Sketchbooks (1981)
..................................................................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
Jeanneret, Le Corbusier ........ [WL-Courtauld]
...............................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Jenneret, Charles Edouard ........ [CL-Courtauld, VP]
...................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kebiyi ........ [GRL]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Korubyujie ........ [GRL]
.......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Le Corbusier ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, CENSUS Preferred, CL-Courtauld, FDA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred, WL-Courtauld]
..........................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..........................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..........................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
..........................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL79021788
..........................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
..........................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..........................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Le Corbusier, Eduard ........ [CCA, GRL]
.........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Le Corbusier-Saugnier ........ [CCA, GRL]
.............................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Le Korbi︠u︡zʹe ........ [GRL]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Lu Kūrbūziyah ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788
Ru Korubyujie ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79021788

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CENSUS, CL-Courtauld, FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Avery Library Catalog (1968)
....................  Buchanan, Corb born 1887, Architectural Review (1987)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture, Object File.
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1987)
....................  Contemporary Architects [n.d.]
....................  Cornu, Corbu réhabilité, Techniques et architecture (1984-1985)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 Oct 2002
....................  Hamilton, Painting and Sculpture in Europe, 1880-1940 (1981)
....................  Hitchcock, Architecture: 19th and 20th Centuries (1971)
....................  Le Corbusier, Sketchbooks (1981) v.3
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL79021788
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
....................  NY Times obit.
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) [alternate]
....................  Serényi, Le Corbusier in perspective (1975)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Contemporary Architects (1987)
.......... Contemporary Architects [n.d.]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 Oct 2002
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