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ID: 500031519
 
Record Type: Person
Kroha, Jiří (Czech architect and painter, 1893-1974)

Note: Czech architect was a versatile representative of the avant-garde, working variously in graphic arts, scenography, and architecture. He is also known as a writer and theoretician. He attended the Czech Technical University in Prague from 1911 to 1916, where he studied under Jan Koula, Josef Fanta and Antonín Balšánek, and joined the Mánes Union of Artists while still a student. From 1921 to 1928 he was a practicing architect in Mladá Boleslav, and became a Professor of Architecture at the Technical University in Brno, 1925. At around this time he co-founded Socialistická scéna, and later, Horizont, a journal of contemporary culture in 1927. Major projects include the Crematorium in Pardubice (1919), a Catholic church in Prague-Vinohrady (1918-1919), the State Technical College at Mladá Boleslav (1922-1926), and the Hotel Venec (1925). In 1930 he travelled to the Soviet Union and worked on the possibilities of low-cost housing. In 1933 he helped found the Union of Socialist Architects, and joined the Left Front. Also in this year, he exhibited his first sociological study on housing (followed by two more in 1935 and 1965). His schemes for housing included such details as televisual means of displaying art. Kroha's political activities led to his being dismissed from his professorship in the mid-1930s. He continued to work on architectural projects after WWII, and was named National Artist in 1948. He continued his studies of the sociology of the home and architectural classification through the 1960s.

Names:
Kroha, Jiří (preferred,V,index)
Jiří Kroha (V,display)
Kroha, Jiri (V)
Kroha, Jirí (V)
Jirí Kroha (V)

Nationalities:
Czech (preferred)
undetermined

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
sociologist
scenographer
painter
critic
theorist
graphic artist
designer
teacher
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Prague (Praha, Hlavní Město, Czech Republic) (inhabited place)
Died:  Prague (Praha, Hlavní Město, Czech Republic) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Kroha, Jiří (I)

Biographies:
(Czech architect and painter, 1893-1974) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Czech architect, painter, b.1893) ..... [BHA]
(Czechoslovak architect, 1893-1974) ..... [AVERY]
(Czech architect, 1893-1974) ..... [AVERY]
(Czech architect, 1893-1974) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Sources and Contributors:
Jiří Kroha ........ [VP]
......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Jirí Kroha ........ [GRISC]
......................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Kroha, Jiří ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
........................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
........................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals [online] (1993-)
........................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
........................  Getty Research Institute, Research Library
........................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Kroha, Jiri ........ [VP]
........................  Artprice (1987-) accessed 21 September 2004
Kroha, Jirí ........ [GRISC Preferred]
........................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Artprice (1987-) accessed 21 September 2004
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals [online] (1993-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Czech Functionalism 1918-1938 (1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: nr90010854
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: nr90010854
....................  Prague: 1900-1938 (1997) 299
....................  Vegesack, Czech Cubism (1992) 327
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Czech Functionalism 1918-1938 (1987)
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 1 April 2005
.......... Prague: 1900-1938 (1997) 299
.......... Vegesack, Czech Cubism (1992) 327
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