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ID: 500125058
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Bauhaus (German art school, 1919-1933)

Note: German school for art, design, and architecture influential in the spread of the 'International Style.' It was formally defined by Walter Gropius in a manifesto of April 1919, and was active in several locations: Weimar 1919 to 1925, Dessau 1925 to 1932, and Berlin 1932-1933, when it was closed by the Nazis. The institutional tendency was toward practical and manual training, especially for designers of mass-produced goods. Gropius's conception was for "a unity of all the creative arts under the primacy of architecture," and to erase distinctions between fine and applied art. Ideas developed and taught at the Bauhaus were influential in many fields, and were spread after the war by the school's students and teachers at institutions in the United States and Europe, including the Hochschule fur Gestaltung in Ulm, Harvard, Yale, the School of Design Chicago, The New Bauhaus Chicago, the Illinois Institute of Technology, and Black Mountain College, North Carolina. German art and architecture school; primary location in Dessau, other locations in Weimar and Berlin.

Names:
Bauhaus (preferred,V,display,LC,O)
The Bauhaus (V)
Das Bauhaus (V)
Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar (V)
Staatlichen Bauhauses in Weimar (V)
Bauhaus Weimar (V)
Weimar Bauhaus (V)
Bauhaus Dessau (V)
Dessau Bauhaus (V)
Bauhaus Berlin (V)
Berlin Bauhaus (V)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)

Roles:
institution (preferred)
school
academy

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Weimar (Hessen state, Germany) (inhabited place)
End:  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
founded by ....  Gropius, Walter  
..................  (American and German architect, teacher, and industrial designer, 1883-1969) [500028112]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Albers, Josef  
..................................................................  (German-American painter and theorist, 1888-1976) [500033049]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Bayer, Herbert  
..................................................................  (Austrian designer and painter, 1900-1985, active in the United States) [500009369]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Breuer, Marcel  
..................................................................  (American and Hungarian architect and furniture designer, 1902-1981) [500118800]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Feininger, Lyonel  
..................................................................  (German painter, illustrator, and teacher, 1871-1956, active in Germany and America) [500115308]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Itten, Johannes  
..................................................................  (Swiss painter, textile designer, and theorist, 1888-1967) [500029154]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Kandinsky, Vassily  
..................................................................  (Russian painter, 1866-1944) [500021093]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Klee, Paul  
..................................................................  (Swiss painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1879-1940) [500010493]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Marcks, Gerhard  
..................................................................  (German sculptor, draftsman, and printmaker, 1889-1981) [500029431]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Meyer, Hannes  
..................................................................  (Swiss architect, theorist, and designer, 1889-1954) [500000006]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig  
..................................................................  (German architect, 1886-1969, active in the United States) [500006293]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Moholy-Nagy, László  
..................................................................  (Hungarian-born American photographer, filmmaker, and painter, 1895-1946) [500004274]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Muche, Georg  
..................................................................  (German painter, printmaker, and author, 1895-1987) [500020595]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Peterhans, Walter  
..................................................................  (German photographer and teacher, 1897-1960, active in United States) [500124356]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Scheper, Hinnerk  
..................................................................  (German painter, 1897-1957) [500045666]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Schlemmer, Oskar  
..................................................................  (German painter, sculptor and scenographer, 1888-1943) [500010968]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Schmidt, Joost  
..................................................................  (German sculptor, printmaker, 1893-1948) [500020087]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Schreyer, Lothar  
..................................................................  (German painter, printmaker and scenographer, 1886-1966) [500011589]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Stam, Mart  
..................................................................  (Dutch architect, urban planner, and designer, 1899-1986) [500013891]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Stölzl, Gunta  
..................................................................  (German weaver and textile artist, 1897-1983) [500048725]
professor was (institution to person) ....  Wittwer, Hans  
..................................................................  (Swiss architect, 1894-1952) [500033845]
student was (institution to person) ....  Albers, Anni  
..............................................................  (American textile designer and printmaker, 1899-1994) [500012591]
student was (institution to person) ....  Bayer, Herbert  
..............................................................  (Austrian designer and painter, 1900-1985, active in the United States) [500009369]
student was (institution to person) ....  Ehrman, Marli  
..............................................................  (German textile designer, 1904-1982) [500127988]
student was (institution to person) ....  Rossman, Zdeněk  
..............................................................  (Czech typographer and architect, 1905-1984) [500125956]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Bauhaus (I)

Biographies:
(German art school, 1919-1933) ..... [VP Preferred]
(German architect, contemporary) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Bauhaus ........ [VP Preferred]
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 20 February 2006
.................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 81023070; accessed 20 February 2006
.................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Bauhaus Berlin ........ [VP]
..............................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Bauhaus Dessau ........ [AVERY, VP]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Bauhaus Weimar ........ [VP]
..............................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Berlin Bauhaus ........ [AVERY, VP]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Das Bauhaus ........ [VP]
........................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Dessau Bauhaus ........ [AVERY, VP]
..............................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Staatlichen Bauhauses in Weimar ........ [VP]
.............................................................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar ........ [VP]
.....................................................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
The Bauhaus ........ [VP]
........................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
Weimar Bauhaus ........ [AVERY, VP]
..............................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, VP]
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 20 February 2006
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 81023070; accessed 20 February 2006
....................  Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Wingler, The Bauhaus (1969)
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