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ID: 500031914
 
Record Type: Person
Bartolo di Fredi (Sienese painter, active by 1353, died 1410)

Note: Bartolo had a large shop and a very long career, and was one of the most influential painters working in Siena and the surrounding towns in the second half of the Trecento. His style is marked by the rejection of the concrete figures and naturalism begun by the Lorenzetti to instead favor the flatter, decorative, otherworldly compositions of the earlier Simone Martini and Duccio, which he combined with a new spirit of fantasy and anecdotal details. He died 26 January 1410 (1409 Sienese style).

Names:
Bartolo di Fredi (preferred,V,display)
Bartolo di Fredi Cini (V)
Bartolo di Fredi Battilore (V)
Bartolo, di Fredi (V,LC)
Bartolo del Maestro Fredi dipintore (V)
Bartalo del maestro Fredi (V)
Bartolo di Maestro Fredi (V)
Bartalo di Maestro Fredi (V)
Bartalus magistri Fredi (V)
Bartholus magistri Fredi (V)  ....  one form of his signature
Bartholus Magistri Fredis de Senis (V)
Bartolus Magistri Fredi de Senis (V)
Bartolo Senese (V)
Bartalus Fredis (V)
Bartolommeo di Fredi (V)
Bartolus magistri Fredi pictor (V)
Bartolo di Manfredi de' Battilori (V)
Battilori, Bartolo di Fredi (V)
Di Fredi Battilori, Bartolo (V)
Di Fredi, Bartolo (V)
Di Manfredi, Bartolommeo (V)
Fredi Battilori, Bartolo di (V)
Fredi, Bartolo di (V)
Manfredi, Bartolommeo di (V)
Bartolo Di Fredi Battilore (V)
Manfredi de' Battilori (V)
Bartolo (U,LC)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Sienese

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
panel painter
fresco painter
altarpiece painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Siena (Siena province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Siena (Siena province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Siena (Siena province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   San Gimignano (Siena province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Niccolò di Ser Sozzo  Bartolo was probably the apprentice of Niccolo, probably after Black Death plague of 1348
........................  (Sienese painter and illuminator, active ca. 1334, died 1363) [500008706]
parent of ....  Andrea di Bartolo  
................  (Sienese painter, active by 1389, died 1428) [500024770]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Bartolo di Fredi (I)

Biographies:
(Sienese painter, active by 1353, died 1410) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian painter, ca.1330-1410) ..... [BHA]
(Italian altarpiece painter, ca.1330-1410) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian artist, c.1330-p.1410) ..... [WCP]
(Italian painter, ca.1330-1410) ..... [PROV]
(Italian painter, ca.1330-1410) ..... [GRLPSC]
(ca. 1330 - buried 26.I.1410 (1409 in Sienese calendar); Artist, Siena) ..... [FDA]
(artist, 1330-1410) ..... [GRL]
(Italian artist, born ca.1330, active 1410) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Bartalo del maestro Fredi ........ [VP]
................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartalo di Maestro Fredi ........ [VP]
...............................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartalus Fredis ........ [VP]
................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartalus magistri Fredi ........ [FDA, VP]
..............................................  Sienese Archives
Bartholus magistri Fredi ........ [VP]
................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartholus Magistri Fredis de Senis ........ [VP]
..................................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartolo ........ [GRL Preferred]
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
Bartolo del Maestro Fredi dipintore ........ [VP]
...................................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartolo di Fredi ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, FDA Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 5:328 ff.
................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Bartolo, di Fredi ........ [VP]
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL84024785
Bartolo di Fredi Battilore ........ [WCP Preferred]
...................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
Bartolo Di Fredi Battilore ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
....................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Bartolo di Fredi Cini ........ [VP]
.........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 5:328
Bartolo di Maestro Fredi ........ [PROV]
...............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Bartolo di Manfredi de' Battilori ........ [VP]
...............................................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
...............................................................  Comanducci, Dizionario Universale (2003-) accessed 7 March 2003
Bartolommeo di Fredi ........ [GRL, VP]
........................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Bartolo Senese ........ [FDA]
..............................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
Bartolus Magistri Fredi de Senis ........ [VP]
..............................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Bartolus magistri Fredi pictor ........ [VP]
..........................................................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
Battilori, Bartolo di Fredi ........ [GRL]
.....................................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
Di Fredi, Bartolo ........ [GRL]
...................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
...................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
Di Fredi Battilori, Bartolo ........ [GRL]
......................................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
......................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
Di Manfredi, Bartolommeo ........ [GRL]
.................................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Fredi, Bartolo di ........ [FDA, GRL]
..................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
..................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Fredi Battilori, Bartolo di ........ [GRL]
.....................................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84024785
Manfredi, Bartolommeo di ........ [GRL]
................................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Manfredi de' Battilori ........ [AVERY]
............................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Bush, Bartolo di Fredi (1950)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Cole, Sienese Painting (1980)
....................  Comanducci, Dizionario Universale (2003-) accessed 7 March 2003
....................  contemporary documents
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Dizionario biografico degli Italiani (1960)
....................  Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (1931-1939)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
....................  Fredericksen and Zeri, Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings (1972)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 5:328 ff.; 5:328
....................  Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
....................  Havlice, Index to Artistic Biography (1973)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL84024785
....................  National Union Catalog (1970-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Sienese Archives
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Bush, Bartolo di Fredi (1950)
.......... Harpring, Bartolo di Fredi (1993)
.......... Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
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