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ID: 500356300
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500356300

 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Alexandrian Library (Ptolomeic library, created 3rd century BCE, now destroyed)

Note: Noted as one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world; dedicated to the 9 goddesses of the arts, the Muses. It was created by Ptolemy I Soter, who was a Macedonian general and the successor of Alexander the Great; the library buildings served as a major center of scholarship from the 3rd century BCE until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE. With collections of works, lecture halls, meeting rooms, and gardens, the library was part of a larger research institution called the Musaeum of Alexandria, where many of the most famous thinkers of the ancient world studied. The collection was dispersed and destroyed by several fires or acts of destruction over many years, including by Julius Caesar in 48 BCE, under Aurelian in the 270s CE, under a decree of the Coptic Pope Theophilus in 391 CE, and under a decree of the second caliph Omar ibn Al-khattāb in 640 CE.

Names:
Alexandrian Library (preferred,V,LC)
Library of Alexandria (V)
Biblioteca de Alejandría (V)
Biblioteca di Alessandria (V)

Nationalities:
Egyptian (preferred)
Ptolemaic

Roles:
library (preferred)

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Alexandria (Al-Iskandarīyah governorate, Egypt) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Alexandrian Library (I)

Biographies:
(Ptolomeic library, created 3rd century BCE, now destroyed) ..... [VP Preferred]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Alexandrian Library ........ [VP]
........................................  Grove Art Online (2008-) "Library," accessed 9 June 2014
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 95095212
Biblioteca de Alejandría ........ [VP]
..................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Biblioteca di Alessandria ........ [VP]
..................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Library of Alexandria ........ [VP]
..........................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
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