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ID: 500353358
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500353358

 

Record Type: Corporate Body
Free and Accepted Masons (International secret society, contemporary)

Note: The world's largest secret society, containing many of the elements of a religion: its teachings enjoin morality, charity, and obedience to the law of the land. For admission the applicant is required to be an adult male believing in the existence of a Supreme Being and in the immortality of the soul. Freemasonry was spread by the advance of the British Empire, Freemasonry remains most popular in the British Isles and in other countries associated the empire. It is said to have been established for mutual help and fellowship; members believe that it has historical roots traceable back through the Romans to the Egyptians and the building of the pyramids. Freemasonry incorporates traditions and rituals that make symbolic use of or reference to the tools of medieval stonemasons, notably the square and compasses. In medieval Europe, like other craft organizations of the period, many medieval associations of masons whose members included freemasons, had developed elaborate secret rituals for imparting the knowledge of their craft and for the initiation of new members. These rituals continued to evolve during the early modern period. In 16th-century Scotland Freemasonry began to incorporate elements of contemporary Hermetic thought. From the early 17th century, the lodges began to admit members who were not connected with the building trades.

Names:
Free and Accepted Masons (preferred,V)
Freemasons (V)

Nationalities:
International (preferred)

Roles:
society (preferred)

Gender: not applicable

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Free and Accepted Masons (I,U)

Biographies:
(International secret society, contemporary) ..... [AVERY Preferred]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Free and Accepted Masons ........ [AVERY, VP Preferred]
...............................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...............................................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online], 1913 edition (1997-)
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...............................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Freemasons ........ [AVERY, VP]
.......................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, Gallery Systems, VP]
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79063993
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79063993
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 12 November 2010
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
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