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ID: 500281862
 
Record Type: Person
Julius II, Pope (Italian pope, patron, 1443-1513)

Note: Born of a noble but impoverished family, his father was Raffaelo della Rovere and his mother was Theodora Manerola, a lady of Greek extraction. His papacy was marked by an active foreign policy; he was one of the most powerful rulers of his age, leading military efforts to prevent French domination of Italy. He is also recognized as the great patron of the High Renaissance in Rome; commissioned Donato Bramante to build the new St Peter’s, Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling, and Raphael to decorate his private apartments, the Stanze.

Names:
Julius II, Pope (preferred,V,index,LC,English-P,NA,U)
Pope Julius II (V,display,English,NA,U)
Della Rovere, Giuliano (V,BN)
Giulio‏ II,‏ papa (V,Italian,NA,U)
Iulius PP. II (V)
La Rovère, Julien de (U)
La Rovère, Julien de, Cardinal (V)
Jules II, pape (V,French,NA,U)
Julius II. Papst (V,German,NA,U)
Julio II, Papa (V,Spanish,NA,U)
Julius II, paus (V,Dutch,NA,U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Genoese
Roman Catholic

Roles:
pope (preferred)
patron

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Albisola Marina (Savona province, Liguria, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
reign:   1503 to 1513  Papal States (Italy) (former group of nations/states/cities)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
member of ....  Rovere, della, family  
................  (Italian family of rulers and patrons, active ca. 15th-17th century) [500353780]
nephew/niece of ....  Sixtus IV, Pope  
............................  (Italian pope, 1414-1484) [500231118]
patron of ....  Bramante, Donato  
................  (Italian architect and painter, 1444-1514) [500019098]
patron of ....  Buonarroti, Michelangelo  
................  (Italian sculptor, painter, architect, 1475-1564) [500010654]
patron of ....  Raphael  
................  (Italian painter, architect, 1483-1520) [500023578]
predecessor of ....  Leo X, Pope  
..........................  (Italian pope, patron, 1475-1521) [500121783]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Julius II, Pope (I,U)

Biographies:
(Italian pope, patron, 1443-1513) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian pope, 1443-1513) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1443-1513) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
Della Rovere, Giuliano ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
.............................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80030746
Giulio‏ II,‏ papa ........ [VP]
...................................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) Vatican Library
Iulius PP. II ........ [VP]
.............................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) Vatican Library
Jules II, pape ........ [VP]
.............................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) National Library of France
Julio II, Papa ........ [VP]
..............................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) National Library of Spain
Julius II. Papst ........ [VP]
..................................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) DNB
Julius II, paus ........ [VP]
...............................  VIAF: Virtual International Authority File [online] (2009-) National Library of the Netherlands
Julius II, Pope ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRL Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 80030746
La Rovère, Julien de ........ [GRL]
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80030746
La Rovère, Julien de, Cardinal ........ [VP]
..........................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Pope Julius II ........ [AVERY, Grove Art Preferred, VP]
..............................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online], 1913 edition (1997-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, Gallery Systems, GRL, VP]
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80030746
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80030746
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online], 1913 edition (1997-)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
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