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ID: 500137655
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500137655

 
Record Type: Person
Artaud, Antonin (French author, actor, and draftsman, 1896-1948)

Note: French dramatist, theorist, poet, actor, and draftsman. He set out to create a "theater of cruelty" that obviated classical theatrical presentation, and intended to revive magic and ritual. He was allied with the Surrealist movement, and wrote the scenario of the first Surrealist film, 'The Seashell and the Clergyman.' He is widely considered an important figure in the development of the theatrical avant-garde during the latter half of the 20th century. He began writing art criticism from ca.1920, and in Paris studied acting with Charles Dullin around this time. He created drawings, which he continued to do, with gaps, for the remainder of his life. He founded the Alfred Jarry theatre and the Théatre de l'Atelier, for which he designed sets. He was prolific in the last years of his life, writing essays, drawing, and producing a radio play 'Pour en Finir avec le Jugement de dieu.'

Names:
Artaud, Antonin (preferred,V,index)
Antonin Artaud (V,display)
Artaud, Antoine Marie Joseph (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
writer
draftsman
scenographer
actor(s)
critic

Gender: male

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Dulac, Germaine  
................................  (French filmmaker, 1882-1942) [500064150]
colleague of ....  Breton, André  
......................  (French poet and writer, 1896-1966) [500125870]
friend of ....  Lascaux, Elie  
................  (French painter, 1888-1968) [500011919]
friend of ....  Masson, André  
................  (French painter and author, 1896-1987) [500030295]
friend of ....  Rivière, Jacques  
................  (French essayist and editor, 1886-1925) [500450235]
worked with ....  Dreyer, Carl Theodor  
....................  (Danish film director, 1889-1968) [500233656]
worked with ....  Gance, Abel  
....................  (French filmmaker and scenographer, 1889-1981) [500433884]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Artaud, Antonin (I,U)

Biographies:
(French author, actor, and draftsman, 1896-1948) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1896-1948) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French writer, 1896-1948) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(French artist, 1896-1948) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Antonin Artaud ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, VP, WL-Courtauld]
..............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Artaud, Antoine Marie Joseph ........ [Grove Art]
........................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Artaud, Antonin ........ [GRISC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79039731
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79039731
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Benezit Dictionary of Artists [online] (2011-)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
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