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ID: 500125870
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500125870

 
Record Type: Person
Breton, André (French poet and writer, 1896-1966)

Note: French writer and leader of the Surrealist group in Paris. He was first active with Dada in Paris ca. 1920, then became the chief proponent of Surrealism. Generally a writer of poetry and novels that demonstrated the practice of 'automatic writing,' it was his thoughts on aesthetics that may be his lasting legacy. He wrote on and promoted the work of many painters that conformed to his stringent definitions of Surrealism, outlined in the periodically issued "Le Surréalisme et la peinture," as well as his "Manifeste du Surréalisme-Poisson Soluble" (1924). He organized the first group exhibition of surrealist art, "La peinture surréaliste" in 1925.

Names:
Breton, André (preferred,V,index,LC)
André Breton (V,display)
Breton, Andre (V)
Andre Breton (V)
Breton, D'André (V)
Yves Tanguy (U)
Tanguy, Yves (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
American

Roles:
artist (preferred)
writer
poet
essayist
critic
leader

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Died:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associate of ....  Dalí, Salvador  
......................  (Spanish painter and printmaker, 1904-1989) [500009365]
associate of ....  Ernst, Max  
......................  (German painter, sculptor, and author, 1891-1976) [500115729]
colleague of ....  Artaud, Antonin  
......................  (French author, actor, and draftsman, 1896-1948) [500137655]
colleague of ....  Bataille, Georges  
......................  (French writer and editor, 1897-1962) [500093456]
colleague of ....  Donati, Enrico  
......................  (American painter and sculptor, 1909-2008, born in Italy) [500020337]
colleague of ....  Man Ray  
......................  (American painter and photographer, 1890-1976) [500015030]
colleague of ....  Miró, Joan  
......................  (Spanish painter, printmaker, and ceramicist, 1893-1983) [500014094]
colleague of ....  Soupault, Philippe  
......................  (French poet, 1897-1990) [500346723]
colleague of ....  Tanguy, Yves  
......................  (French painter, 1900-1955) [500025688]
colleague of ....  Tzara, Tristan  
......................  (Romanian poet and performance artist, 1896-1963, active in France) [500175780]
influenced ....  Sekula, Sonja  
....................  (Swiss artist, 1918-1963) [500199046]
spouse of ....  Lamba, Jacqueline  
................  (French painter and draftsman, 1910-1993) [500057281]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Breton, André (I)

Additional Parents:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Breton, André (I)

Biographies:
(French poet and writer, 1896-1966) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1896-1966) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French poet, 1896-1966) ..... [AVERY]
(French poet(s)) ..... [AVERY]
(French writer, 1896-1966) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(French artist, 1896-1966) ..... [MoMA]
(American artist, born France. 1900-1955) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
André Breton ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, VP]
..........................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..........................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Andre Breton ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Breton, André ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRISC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred]
............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
............................  Breton, Manifeste du surréalisme (1924) author
............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 30 November 2006
............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL80036675; accessed 30 November 2006
Breton, Andre ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Breton, D'André ........ [AVERY]
.................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Tanguy, Yves ........ [MoMA]
..........................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
Yves Tanguy ........ [MoMA]
........................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Breton, Manifeste du surréalisme (1924) author
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80036675
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 30 November 2006
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80036675
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL80036675; accessed 30 November 2006
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008)
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