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ID: 500125079
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500125079

 

Record Type: Person
Cravan, Arthur (French poet and boxer, 1887-ca.1918)

Note: Associated with members of what would become the Dada and Surrealist movements. He was the sole writer, editor, and publisher of the journal 'Maintenant' (1912-1915), which is considered a model for later Dadaist periodicals. He claimed to be the son of Oscar Wilde, maintained a career as a boxer: and fought Jack Johnson in Barcelona, 1916. He is may be considered a progenitor of what has become performance or conceptual art. He married the painter and poet Mina Loy in 1918 and disappeared soon after off the coast of Mexico under mysterious circumstances. Attempts have been made to identify Cravan as the poet and painter Edouard Archinard, as well as a forger of Wilde manuscripts known as Dorian Hope.

Names:
Cravan, Arthur (preferred,V)
Arthur Cravan (V,display)
Lloyd, Fabian (V)
Lloyd, Fabian Avenarius (V)
Hope, Dorian (V)
Hope, Sebastian (V)
Holland, B. (V)

Nationalities:
Swiss (preferred)
French
American

Roles:
poet (preferred)
writer
lecturer
athlete
publisher

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Lausanne (Vaud, Switzerland) (inhabited place)
Died:  Salina Cruz (Oaxaca state, Mexico) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
possibly identified with ....  Archinard, Édouard  
............................................  (French painter and poet, died before 1918) [500125083]
spouse of ....  Loy, Mina  1918
................  (English poet and painter, 1882-1966) [500125080]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Cravan, Arthur (I)

Biographies:
(French poet and boxer, 1887-ca.1918) ..... [VP Preferred]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Arthur Cravan ........ [VP]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Cravan, Arthur ........ [VP Preferred]
..............................  Arthur Cravan, poète et boxeur (1992) [title]
..............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Mina Loy," accessed 3 March 2006
..............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Periodical," accessed 3 March 2006
..............................  International Dada Archive (2002) accessed 3 March 2006
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 82210539; accessed 8 March 2006
..............................  Richter, Dada, Art and Anti-Art (1965) 65; plates 26, 27: 74-75
Holland, B. ........ [VP]
........................  4 Dada Suicides (1995) 18
Hope, Dorian ........ [VP]
..........................  4 Dada Suicides (1995) 22
Hope, Sebastian ........ [VP]
................................  4 Dada Suicides (1995) 18
Lloyd, Fabian ........ [VP]
............................  Richter, Dada, Art and Anti-Art (1965) 74
Lloyd, Fabian Avenarius ........ [VP]
...............................................  Arthur Cravan, poète et boxeur (1992) 29

Subject: ........ [Gallery Systems, VP]
....................  4 Dada Suicides (1995) 22; 18
....................  Arthur Cravan, poète et boxeur (1992) 29; [title]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Mina Loy," accessed 3 March 2006
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n82210539
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Periodical," accessed 3 March 2006
....................  International Dada Archive (2002) accessed 3 March 2006
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n82210539
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 82210539; accessed 8 March 2006
....................  Richter, Dada, Art and Anti-Art (1965) 65; plates 26, 27: 74-75; 74
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Arthur Cravan, poète et boxeur (1992) 26
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Mina Loy," accessed 3 March 2006
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Periodical," accessed 3 March 2006
.......... International Dada Archive (2002) accessed 3 March 2006
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