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ID: 500118800
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500118800

 
Record Type: Person
Breuer, Marcel (American and Hungarian architect and furniture designer, 1902-1981)

Note: In the 1920s, Breuer led the carpentry workshop at the Bauhaus, designing innovative modern furniture which rejected formalism and ornamentation, including the cantilevered chair and his famous 'Wassily' chair. From 1928 to 1931 he worked on architectural projects for Walter Gropius. He emigrated to the United States in 1937 and became a professor at Harvard University. While at Harvard, he and Gropius formed a partnership designing buildings that were influenced by New England vernacular architecture. From 1963 to 1966, Breuer designed the Whitney Museum of American Art. American architect and designer, born in Hungary, studied in Germany, in U.S. since 1937.

Names:
Breuer, Marcel (preferred,V,index)
Marcel Breuer (V,display)
Breuer, Marcel L. (V)
Breuer, Marcel Lajos (V)
Marcel Lajos Breuer (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
Hungarian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
designer
furniture designer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Pécs (Baranya, Hungary) (inhabited place)
Died:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1920-1928  Weimar (Hessen state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1928-1931  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1937-1981  Cambridge (Worcester county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Seidler, Harry  1946-1948
....................  (Australian architect, 1923-2006) [500011564]
employee of ....  Gropius, Walter  1928-1931
....................  (German American architect, teacher, and industrial designer, 1883-1969) [500028112]
employee was ....  Ashihara, Yoshinobu  1953-1956
......................  (Japanese architect and writer, born 1918) [500063042]
partner of ....  Gropius, Walter  1937-1941
..................  (German American architect, teacher, and industrial designer, 1883-1969) [500028112]
partner of ....  Yorke, Francis Reginald Stevens  
..................  (English architect, 1906-1962) [500092836]
professor at (person to institution) ....  Bauhaus  
................................................................  (German art school, 1919-1933) [500125058]
teacher of ....  Johnson, Philip  
..................  (American architect, critic, and collector, 1906-2005) [500014481]
teacher of ....  Pei, I. M.  
..................  (American architect, born 1917 in China) [500029268]
teacher of ....  Rudolph, Paul  
..................  (American architect, 1918-1997) [500011899]
worked with ....  Nervi, Pier Luigi  
....................  (Italian architect, 1891-1979) [500115469]
worked with ....  Zehrfuss, Bernard Louis  
....................  (French architect, 1911-1996) [500027567]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Breuer, Marcel (I)

Biographies:
(American and Hungarian architect and furniture designer, 1902-1981) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American architect and designer, 1902-1981) ..... [AVERY]
(American architect, designer, 1902-1981) ..... [BHA]
(American and Hungarian architect and designer, born Pécs (Hungary), 1902; died New York (City), (New York, United States), 1981; active Germany, 1920-1935, and United States, from 1937) ..... [CCA]
(architect, 1902-1981) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American architect, 1902-1981) ..... [AVERY]
(American architect, 1902-1981) ..... [AVERY]
(American architect, 1902-1981) ..... [AVERY]
(American furniture designer, 1902-1981) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(American artist, born Hungary. 1902-1981) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Breuer, Marcel ........ [AVERY Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred]
..............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
..............................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Breuer, Marcel L. ........ [CCA, VP]
...................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Breuer, Marcel Lajos ........ [BHA Preferred, CCA, CL-Courtauld Preferred, Grove Art, VP]
.........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Marcel Breuer ........ [GRISC, MoMA Preferred, VP]
............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Marcel Lajos Breuer ........ [CL-Courtauld, VP]
.......................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, MoMA, VP]
....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80057388
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 12 July 2002
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80057388
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  Wilk, Marcel Breuer (1981)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP]
.......... Contemporary Architects (1987)
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 12 July 2002
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
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