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ID: 500118115
 
Record Type: Person
Américo de Melo, Pedro (Brazilian painter, 1843-1905)

Note: Important academic painter and major reference in Brazilian historical painting. With a scholarship granted by the Emperor Dom Pedro II, he studied at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de Paris. He is more notorious for his works on nationalist themes, despite of having shown interest for biblical histories. Thanks to the work Batalha de Campo Grande, he received the title of Historical Painter of the Royal Chamber. He taught drawing, aesthetics and history of arts at the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes. At the end of his life, he dedicated himself to politics.

Names:
Américo de Melo, Pedro (preferred,V,index)
Pedro Américo de Melo (V,display)
Américo de Figueiredo de Melo, Pedro (V)
Américo de Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro (U)
Melo, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e (U,LC)
De Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo (U)
Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo de (U)
Mello, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e (U)
Américo, Pedro (U)

Nationalities:
Brazilian (preferred)
South American

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
draftsman
teacher
caricaturist
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Areia (Paraíba, Brazil) (inhabited place)
Died:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Flandrin, Hippolyte-Jean  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1809-1864) [500115336]
student of ....  Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique  1859-1864
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1780-1867) [500028037]
student of ....  Vernet, Horace  1859-1864
..................  (French painter, 1789-1863) [500024243]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Américo de Melo, Pedro (I)

Additional Notes:
Portuguese ..... Importante pintor acadêmico e grande referência da pintura histórica brasileira. Com bolsa concedida pelo imperador dom Pedro II estudou na École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de Paris. É mais conhecido pelas suas obras de temática nacionalista, apesar de também se interessar por histórias bíblicas. Graças a obra Batalha de Campo Grande, recebeu o título de Pintor Histórico da Real Câmara. Foi professor de desenho, estética e história da arte na Academia Imperial de Belas Artes. Ao final de sua vida, dedicou-se à vida política.  

Biographies:
(Brazilian painter, 1843-1905) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1843-1905) ..... [GRL]
(Brazilian painter, 1843-1905) ..... [Grove Art]

Sources and Contributors:
Américo de Figueiredo de Melo, Pedro ........ [VP]
....................................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
Américo de Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro ........ [GRL, Grove Art]
..................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Américo de Melo, Pedro ........ [Grove Art Preferred, PESP, VP Preferred]
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
Américo, Pedro ........ [GRL, PESP Preferred, VP]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
..............................  PESP database (2000-)
De Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo ........ [GRL]
...................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo de ........ [GRL]
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Mello, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e ........ [GRL]
....................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Melo, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e ........ [GRL Preferred]
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Pedro Américo de Melo ........ [PESP, VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [GRL, Grove Art, PESP, VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
....................  Leite and Silva, Dicionário Crítico da Pintura no Brasil (1988)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Mello Júnior, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e Melo (1983)
....................  Oliveira, Pedro Américo (1943)
....................  PESP database (2000-)
 
Note:
English .......... [PESP]
.......... PESP database (2000-) Reseacher Gabriela Faviano
Portuguese .......... [PESP]
.......... PESP database (2000-) researcher: Gabriela Faviano
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