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ID: 500118115
 
Record Type: Person
Américo de Melo, Pedro (Brazilian painter, 1843-1905)

Note: Before reaching the age of 10, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e Mello accompanied as auxiliary draftsman, the scientific expedition of the French naturalist, Jean Brunet, to the Northeast of Brazil, in 1852. Around 1855, he moved to Rio de Janeiro, where he studied at the Colégio Pedro II [Pedro II School], enrolling in the following year at the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes - Aiba [Imperial Academy of Fine Arts]. Between 1859 and 1864, with a scholarship granted by the Emperor, Dom Pedro II (1825 - 1891), he studied at the École National Superiéure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he was a pupil of Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780 - 1867), Hippolyte Flandrin (1809 - 1864) and Carle-Horace Vernet (1789 - 1863), as well as at the Institute of Physics and the Sorbonne. After a voyage to Italy, he returned to Rio de Janeiro in 1864 and took up the chair of drawing at Aiba. In the following year, he settled in Brussels, Belgium, gaining the title of Doctor of Science from the University of Brussels in 1868. He alternated stays in Rio de Janeiro and Florence, but continued as a lecturer in aesthetics, history of art and archaeology at Aiba. With the Proclamation of the Republic, he was elected a deputy of the National Assembly. In 1900, he returned to Florence.

Names:
Américo de Melo, Pedro (preferred,V,index)
Pedro Américo de Melo (V,display)
Américo de Figueiredo de Melo, Pedro (V)
Américo de Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro (U)
Melo, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e (U,LC)
De Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo (U)
Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo de (U)
Mello, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e (U)
Américo, Pedro (U)

Nationalities:
Brazilian (preferred)
South American

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
draftsman
teacher
caricaturist
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Areia (Paraíba, Brazil) (inhabited place)
Died:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Flandrin, Hippolyte-Jean  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1809-1864) [500115336]
student of ....  Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique  1859-1864
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1780-1867) [500028037]
student of ....  Vernet, Horace  1859-1864
..................  (French painter, 1789-1863) [500024243]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Américo de Melo, Pedro (I)

Biographies:
(Brazilian painter, 1843-1905) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1843-1905) ..... [GRL]
(Brazilian painter, 1843-1905) ..... [Grove Art]

Sources and Contributors:
Américo de Figueiredo de Melo, Pedro ........ [VP]
....................................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
Américo de Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro ........ [GRL, Grove Art]
..................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Américo de Melo, Pedro ........ [Grove Art Preferred, PESP, VP Preferred]
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
Américo, Pedro ........ [GRL, PESP Preferred, VP]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
..............................  PESP database (2000-)
De Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo ........ [GRL]
...................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Figueiredo e Melo, Pedro Américo de ........ [GRL]
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Mello, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e ........ [GRL]
....................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Melo, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e ........ [GRL Preferred]
..................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83312082
Pedro Américo de Melo ........ [PESP, VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [GRL, Grove Art, PESP, VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 10 December 2003
....................  Leite and Silva, Dicionário Crítico da Pintura no Brasil (1988)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Mello Júnior, Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e Melo (1983)
....................  Oliveira, Pedro Américo (1943)
 
Note:
English .......... [PESP, VP]
.......... PESP database (2000-) researcher Mônica Torres, 2014
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