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ID: 500116616
 
Record Type: Person
Bihzad (Persian painter, calligrapher, ca. 1450-1535/1536)

Note: Bihzad is often considered the most famous figure in Iranian painting. Khwandamir praised Bihzad in his book, Habib al-siyar (Beloved of careers, 1524) for his style that is firmly based on linear precision and compositional balance. Before moving to the Safavid court in Tabrīz, he may have worked for Muhammad Shaybani (reigned 1500-1510) from 1507 to 1510. Bihzad may also have been the head of the royal manuscript workshop during the rule of Ismail I (reigned 1501-1524). Reliable evidence also suggests that Bihzad was the court painter of Tahmasp (reigned 1524-1576). Well-known Safavid authors, Dust Muhammad, Qazi Ahmad, and Iskandar Munshi confirm this in various texts. Only four illustrations in a copy of Sa'di's Bustan (Orchard), produced for the library of Husayn Bayqara, are widely accepted as his work. Two major paintings attributed to him are Roundel Depicting A Youth (ca. 1524) and a Folio in Gulistan Palace, Tehrān.

Names:
Bihzad (preferred,V,display,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),NA,U)
Kamal al-Din Bihzad (V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),NA,U)
Kamāl al-Dīn Bihzād (V)
Behzad (V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),NA,U)
Bihzad, Kamaluddin (V)
Kamaluddin Bihzad (V)

Nationalities:
Persian (preferred)
Iranian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
calligrapher
illustrator

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Tabrīz (Āzārbāijān-e Sharqī, Iran) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
adoptive parent of ....  Mirak  
................................  (Persian calligrapher and illuminator, ca. 1468-1507) [500116617]
related to (familial) ....  Muzaffar 'Ali  
......................................  (Persian painter, calligrapher, and illustrator, died ca. 1576 ) [500116666]
teacher of ....  Dust Muhammad  
..................  (Persian painter and calligrapher, died ca. 1565) [500116677]
teacher of ....  Muzaffar 'Ali  
..................  (Persian painter, calligrapher, and illustrator, died ca. 1576 ) [500116666]
teacher of ....  Qasim 'Ali  
..................  (Persian portraitist and courtier, active ca. 1475-1526) [500116615]
teacher of ....  Shaykhzada  
..................  (Persian painter, active ca. 1520-1540) [500059685]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Bihzad (I)

Biographies:
(Persian painter, calligrapher, ca. 1450-1535/1536) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Persian painter, 1443-1535) ..... [AVERY]
(Persian illustrator, 1450-1536) ..... [Grove Art]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Behzad ........ [Grove Art, VP]
...............  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...............  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 Aug 2003
Bihzad ........ [Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...............  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 Aug 2003
Bihzad, Kamaluddin ........ [AVERY Preferred]
......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Kamal al-Din Bihzad ........ [VP]
.......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 Aug 2003
Kamāl al-Dīn Bihzād ........ [Grove Art, VP]
.......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Kamaluddin Bihzad ........ [AVERY, VP]
....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Art index
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 Aug 2003
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Art index
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 Aug 2003
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