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ID: 500115983
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
National Gallery of Art (American art museum, Washington, DC, established 1937)

Note: The National Gallery was created in 1937 for the people of the United States of America by a joint resolution of Congress, accepting the gift of financier and art collector Andrew W. Mellon. Mellon began collecting art in the 1920s with the intention of forming a gallery of art for the nation in Washington. At his death in 1937, he promised his collection to the United States. Mellon's original gift formed a nucleus of high quality around which the collections have grown, including donations from other important collectors. The collection encompasses achievements in painting, sculpture, and graphic arts from the Middle Ages to the present. The West Building opened in 1941 and the East Building, housing additional exhibitions space, a collection of drawings and prints, and a research center and library, was opened in 1978. The outdoor Sculpture Garden was opened in 1999. The National Gallery of Art is supported through a private-public partnership. The United States federal government provides funds, through annual appropriations, to support the museum's operations and maintenance. All artwork, as well as special programs, are provided through private donations and funds. The museum is not part of the Smithsonian Institution, although its buildings are located on the Mall with the Smithsonian museums. For the built works housing the National Gallery of Art collections, see CONA "National Gallery of Art (museum (building); Washington, DC, USA)."

Names:
National Gallery of Art (preferred,C,V,display,English-P,NA,U)
NGA (C,V,A)
National Gallery of Art (U.S.) (C,V,LC)
National Gallery of Art (Washington,D.C.) (C,V,English,NA,U)
National Gallery (V)
Galería de Arte Nacional (C,U,Spanish-P,NA,U)
Mellon Gallery of Art (H,V)  ....  incorrect name
National Art Gallery (U.S.) (H,V)  ....  incorrect name
National Gallery of Art. Smithsonian Institution (V)  ....  an incorrect name, although common
United States. National Gallery of Art (V)
Nat︠s︡ionalʹnai︠a︡ kartinnai︠a︡ galerei︠a︡ (V)
Kokuritsu Bijutsukan (U.S.) (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
art museum (preferred)
museum
repository

Gender: not applicable

Events:
location:   Washington (DC, United States) (inhabited place)
opening:   17 March 1941

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
directed by ....  Brown, J. Carter  1969 to 1992
....................  (American art historian and museum director, 1934-2002) [500115847]
directed by ....  Finley, David E.  during construction of building 1937, through 1956
....................  (American museum director, contemporary) [500288057]
directed by ....  Powell, Earl Alexander, III  from 1992
....................  (American administator, born 1943) [500356369]
distinguished from ....  Smithsonian American Art Museum  Smithsonian collection was formerly called "National Gallery of Art," renamed in 1937
..................................  (American repository, Washington, contemporary) [500311465]
donor was ....  Dale, Chester  
................  (American financier and collector, 1883-1962) [500316446]
donor was ....  Kress, Rush Harrison  
................  (American businessman, patron, 1877-1963) [500356372]
donor was ....  Kress, Samuel H.  
................  (American businessman, art collector, 1863-1955) [500235723]
donor was ....  Mellon, Andrew W.  
................  (American financier, patron, 1855-1937) [500356367]
donor was ....  Rosenwald, Lessing J.  
................  (American collector, 1891-1979) [500325128]
donor was ....  Widener, Joseph E.  
................  (American businessman, patron, 1872-1943) [500328097]
donor was ....  Widener, Peter A.B.  Widener's collection was donated posthumously
................  (American financier, collector, 1834-1915) [500336869]
founded by ....  United States. Congress  1937
..................  (American governmental body, founded 1776) [500356368]
member of ....  Foundation for Documents of Architecture  
................  (International nonprofit corporation, subset of ADAG and housed at the National Gallery, created 1986, dissolved 1994) [500115985]
president was (institution to person) ....  Bruce, David K. E.  1939 to 1945
..................................................................  (American diplomat, patron, 1898 -1977) [500356371]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  National Gallery of Art (I)

Additional Parents:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Smithsonian Institution (I,U)
 ............  National Gallery of Art (I,C) an incorrect association, although commonly made

Biographies:
(American art museum, Washington, DC, established 1937) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American museum, contemporary) ..... [AVERY]
(American repository, Washington, contemporary) ..... [FAL-IU]

Sources and Contributors:
Galería de Arte Nacional ........ [FAL-IU, VP]
...............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Kokuritsu Bijutsukan (U.S.) ........ [VP]
........................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Mellon Gallery of Art ........ [VP]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
National Art Gallery (U.S.) ........ [VP]
.......................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
National Gallery ........ [VP]
..................................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002)
National Gallery of Art ........ [AVERY, FAL-IU Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
.............................................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 6 Mar 2003
National Gallery of Art. Smithsonian Institution ........ [AVERY, VP]
.............................................................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.............................................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
National Gallery of Art (U.S.) ........ [VP]
...........................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 79054426
National Gallery of Art (Washington,D.C.) ........ [VP]
..................................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Nat︠s︡ionalʹnai︠a︡ kartinnai︠a︡ galerei︠a︡ ........ [VP]
...................................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
NGA ........ [VP]
...........  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 01 April 2003
United States. National Gallery of Art ........ [VP]
.........................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, FAL-IU, VP]
....................  2100146297/Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
....................  LCR
....................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 6 Mar 2003; accessed 01 April 2003
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 6 Mar 2003
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