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ID: 500115900
 
Record Type: Person
Alexander, Esther Frances (American painter, 1837-1917)

Note: Esther Alexander was from a wealthy Massachusetts family who had expatriated to Florence. Her father was a self-taught portraitist. She spent much of her time working for charities and helping the sick. In order to encourage donations to her charities, she began painting portraits of peasants and the needy, eventually gaining the attention of John Ruskin, who began promoting her work in lectures. When Esther's domineering mother died at the age of 101, she took to her bed and did not leave until her death one year later.

Names:
Alexander, Esther Frances (preferred,V,index)
Esther Frances Alexander (V,display)
Alexander, Francesca (V)
Alexander, Ester (V)
Francesca Alexander (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
British (modern)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
portraitist

Gender: female

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Boston (Suffolk county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
child of ....  Alexander, Francis  
..............  (American painter, 1800-1880) [500001550]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Alexander, Esther Frances (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, 1837-1917) ..... [PROV Preferred]
(American artist, 1837-1917) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(British artist, 1837-1917) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(British artist, 1837-1917) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1837-1917) ..... [WCI]

Sources and Contributors:
Alexander, Ester ........ [VP]
..................................  Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 5 November 2002
Alexander, Esther Frances ........ [PROV Preferred, WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
...................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Alexander, Francesca ........ [VP, WCI, WL-Courtauld]
..........................................  Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 5 November 2002
..........................................  Witt Computer Index database
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Esther Frances Alexander ........ [PROV, VP]
.................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Francesca Alexander ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [PROV, VP, WCI, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 5 November 2002
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Hendy, Paintings in the Gardner Museum (1974)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 5 November 2002
.......... Dunford, Biographical Dictionary of Women Artists (1990)
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