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ID: 500115207
 
Record Type: Person
Muybridge, Eadweard (American photographer, 1830-1904)

Note: Eadweard Muybridge was born Edward James Muggeridge but he adopted the Saxon spelling of his name early in his life. Muybridge came to the United States in 1852 where he worked as a publisher and a book-dealer. He returned to England in 1860 and began photographing. By 1867 he returned to California and sold photographic views using the pseudonym "Helios." During this time, he was commissioned by Leland Stanford to study the motion of a trotting horse using photographic methods. Muybridge abandonded the experiments in 1873 while he travelled to Central America, but began them again when he returned in 1877. His experiments with capturing motion using photography became more in-depth as he designed a faster shutter and a technique for using shorter exposures. The resulting photographs allowed him to successfully analyze each individual stage of motion of a horse trotting, and the published photographs earned him a name with the public. He also performed additional experiments using multiple cameras to capture motion, and designed a projecting device for drawings derived from his photographs called a 'zoopraxiscope'. This device allowed him to illustrate how artists in the past had inaccurately represented motion in their paintings and drawings. In 1884, Muybridge began working at the University of Pennsylvania, where he continued his experiments using multiple cameras to study human and animal motion. Many of his photographs were reproduced in his landmark publication 'Animal Locomotion'. Today Muybridge's photographic innovations are considered a precursor to modern motion pictures. British photographer.

Names:
Muybridge, Eadweard (preferred,V,index,LC)
Eadweard Muybridge (V,display)
Helios (V)
Muggeridge, Edward James (V)
Muybridge Eadweard J. (V)
Muybridge, E. J. (V)
Muybridge, Eadweard J. (V)
Eadweard J. Muybridge (V)
Muybridge, Eduardo Santiago (V)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English
American

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Kingston upon Thames (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (neighborhood)
Died:  Kingston upon Thames (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (neighborhood)

Events:
active:   1852-1860  United States (North and Central America) (nation)
active:   1860-1867  England (United Kingdom) (country)
active:   1867- ca. 1873  California (United States) (state)
active:   ca. 1873-1877  Central America (North and Central America) (general region)
active:   1877-1900  United States (North and Central America) (nation)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Muybridge, Eadweard (I)

Biographies:
(American photographer, 1830-1904) ..... [VP Preferred]
(English photographer, 1830-1904) ..... [Grove Art]
(British photographer) ..... [AVERY]
(British photographer, 1830-1904) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1830-1904) ..... [GRL]
(American (b. England, UK), 1830-1904) ..... [JPGM]
(English photographer; born Kingston-on-Thames (Greater London, England, United Kingdom), 1830; died Kingston-on-Thames (Greater London, England, United Kingdom), 1904) ..... [CCA]
(British photographer, 1830-1904, active in the United States) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Eadweard J. Muybridge ........ [VP]
...........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Eadweard Muybridge ........ [CCA, VP]
......................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Helios ........ [CCA]
...............  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Muggeridge, Edward James ........ [AVERY, CCA, GRL, Grove Art]
.................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79075151
Muybridge, Eadweard ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred]
........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
........................................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79075151
Muybridge Eadweard J. ........ [CCA]
...........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Muybridge, Eadweard J. ........ [JPGM Preferred, VP]
.............................................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
.............................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Muybridge, Eduardo Santiago ........ [CCA, GRL, VP]
.......................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.......................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79075151
Muybridge, E. J. ........ [VP]
.................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, GRL, Grove Art, JPGM, VP]
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1963)
....................  Dictionary of National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927) 1901-1911, p.668
....................  Doty, Photography in America, 1850-1965 (1965)
....................  Encyclopedia of Photography (1984)
....................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Haas, Muybridge (1976)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  New Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
....................  University of Kansas, Language of light (1974)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 27 June 2002
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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