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ID: 500115196
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500115196

 
Record Type: Person
Gardner, Alexander (American photographer and printer, 1821-1882, born in Scotland)

Note: In 1856 Mathew B. Brady invited Gardner to move from Scotland to New York City, New York to work for him at his New York gallery. From 1858 to 1863 Gardner ran Brady's Washington, D.C. gallery. At this time Gardner was using electric light to photograph. In 1863, Gardner left Brady's firm and decided to photograph the Civil War by himself. He photographed Abraham Lincoln at the Battle of Antietam. He also became the official photographer of the army of the Potomac. In 1863 Gardner opened his own studio in Washington, D.C. where he sold mainly stereographs. In 1865 Gardner did the reportage on Lincoln's assasination and funeral. In 1866 Gardner published "Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War". In 1867 he closed his Wahington studio and became the official photograher of the Union Pacific Railroad's Eastern Division. He photographed the construction of the railway to California, including the networks of Kansas, West Mississippi, and Missouri. During this time he also made portraits of American and Peruvian Indians. In 1868 he photographed the Fort Laramie Treaty Council. Gardner returned to Washington, D.C. in the 1870s where he operated a studio and photographed members of the Indian Treaty delegations.

Names:
Gardner, Alexander (preferred,V,index,LC)
Alexander Gardner (V,display)
Gardner, Alex. (V)
Gardner, A. (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
Scottish (Scots, Scotsman)
British (modern)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer
printer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Glasgow (Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1858-1882  Washington (DC, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
employee of ....  Brady, Mathew B.  from 1856 to 1863
....................  (American photographer, 1823-1896) [500126201]
employee was ....  Fowx, Egbert Guy  
......................  (American photographer, born 1821 or 1825, died after 1883 ) [500037011]
employee was ....  Pywell, William R.  from ca. 1862 to the 1870s
......................  (American photographer, born 1843 or 1844, died 1887) [500036928]
sibling of ....  Gardner, James  
..................  (American and Scottish photographer, born 1832) [500040839]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Gardner, Alexander (I)

Biographies:
(American photographer and printer, 1821-1882, born in Scotland) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American photographer, 1821-1882) ..... [BHA]
(American and Scottish photographer; born Paisley (Scotland, United Kingdom), 1821; died Washington (D.C.) (United States), 1882) ..... [CCA]
(American (b. Scotland, UK), 1821-1882) ..... [JPGM]
(American photographer, 1821-1882) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1821-1882) ..... [GRL]
(American artist, born Scotland. 1821-1882) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Alexander Gardner ........ [CCA, MoMA Preferred, VP]
....................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
....................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Gardner, A. ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79060231
Gardner, Alex. ........ [CCA, GRL]
..............................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79060231
Gardner, Alexander ........ [BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred]
......................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79060231
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)

Subject: ........ [BHA, CCA, Gallery Systems, GRL, Grove Art, JPGM, MoMA, VP]
....................  Auer, Encyclop├ędie des Photographes (1985)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79060231
....................  Gardner, Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War (1959)
....................  Gernsheim, History of Photography from the Camera Obscura (1969)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79060231
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Newhall, History of Photography (1982)
....................  Sandweiss, Nineteenth-Century Photography in America (1991) 323
 
Note:
English .......... [CCA]
.......... Auer, Encyclop├ędie des Photographes (1985)
.......... Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
.......... Gardner, Photographic Sketch Book of the Civil War (1959)
.......... Sandweiss, Nineteenth-Century Photography in America (1991)
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