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ID: 500114960
 
Record Type: Person
Medici, Lorenzo de' (Florentine statesman, patron, 1449-1492)

Note: Florentine statesman, ruler, and patron of arts and letters. Often noted as the most brilliant of the Medici rulers. He ruled Florence with his younger brother, Giuliano from 1469-1478, and as sole ruler from 1478-1492. While professing to follow constitutional methods, he made sure that popular assemblies lost their financial powers. Contemporary historians described him as a benevolent tyrant in a constitutional republic. He was popular and feted the city with carnivals, balls, tournaments, weddings, and princely receptions. He withstood attempts by rivals to overthrow his power, including the Pazzi Conspiracy, in which his brother, Giuliano, was assassinated. He is traditionally remembered as a great patron of the arts, in large part responsible for the flourishing of the Italian Renaissance in Florence, although some modern scholars maintain that this claim is exaggerated. Italian art patron.

Names:
Medici, Lorenzo de' (preferred,V,index)
Lorenzo de'Medici (V,display)
Lorenzo de'Medici, il Magnifico (V)
Lorenzo the Magnificent (V,English,NA,U)
Lorenzo il Magnifico (V)
Lorenzo de' Medici (V)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine

Roles:
statesman (preferred)
patron

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
member of ....  Medici family  
................  (Italian rulers, bankers, merchants, collectors, and patrons of the arts, active in Florence particularly from 15th through mid-18th centuries) [500114961]
patron of ....  Buonarroti, Michelangelo  
................  (Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, 1475-1564) [500010654]
patron of ....  Sangallo, Giuliano da  
................  (Italian architect, sculptor, engineer, ca.1443-1516) [500023184]
patron of ....  Signorelli, Luca  
................  (Italian painter and draftsman, ca. 1441 or 1450-1523) [500003947]
patron of ....  Verrocchio, Andrea del  
................  (Italian sculptor, goldsmith, and painter, 1435-1488) [500003951]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Medici, Lorenzo de' (I)

Biographies:
(Florentine statesman, patron, 1449-1492) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian patron, 1449-1492) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Lorenzo de'Medici ........ [VP]
....................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/12/2002.
Lorenzo de' Medici ........ [AVERY, VP]
....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Lorenzo de'Medici, il Magnifico ........ [VP]
.............................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/12/2002.
Lorenzo il Magnifico ........ [VP]
........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/12/2002.
Lorenzo the Magnificent ........ [VP]
..............................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/12/2002.
Medici, Lorenzo de' ........ [AVERY Preferred, VP Preferred]
......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
......................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/12/2002.

Subject: ........ [AVERY, VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 02/12/2002.
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/12/2002.
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY]
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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