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ID: 500102192
 
Record Type: Person
Claudel, Camille (French sculptor, 1864-1943)

Note: French sculptor, painter, and draftsman. Her early interest in sculpture with symbolic meanings was fostered by artist Alfred Boucher. In 1881, she moved from Nogent-sur-Seine to Paris, and it was most probably in 1882 that she met and became a student of sculptor Auguste Rodin. Their relationship, which evolved into a tempestuous affair lasting until 1898, was initially one of artistic encouragement and development, but later it proved to undermine her artistic identity and contribute to her intense persecution mania for which she was later hospitalized. She adopted the master's craggy modeling style and themes of desire, secrecy, and decay as found in Rodin's "Gates of Hell" (1880-1900). As a draftsman, she executed many portrait heads in a Social Realist style. By 1914 she was interned to a home in Montdevergues where she remained until her death in 1943.

Names:
Claudel, Camille (preferred,V,index,LC)
Camille Claudel (V,display)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
undetermined

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor

Gender: female

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Claudel, Camille (I)

Biographies:
(French sculptor, 1864-1943) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(French artist, 1856-1913) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1864-1943) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Sources and Contributors:
Camille Claudel ........ [GRISC, VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Claudel, Camille ........ [BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82158800
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Balteau et al., Dictionnaire de biographie française (1933-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Busse, Maler und Bildhauer des 19 Jahrhunderts (1977)
....................  Fogg Museum Library Catalogue (1971)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n82158800
....................  Gaudichon et al., Catalogue de sculptures (1983)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  La Femme Artiste (1981)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n82158800
....................  Mackay, Western Sculptors in Bronze (1977)
....................  Rheims, 19th Century Sculpture (1977)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Camille Claudel." Accessed 01/06/04
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