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ID: 500102192
 
Record Type: Person
Claudel, Camille (French sculptor, 1864-1943)

Note: French sculptor, painter, and draftsman. Her early interest in sculpture with symbolic meanings was fostered by artist Alfred Boucher. In 1881, she moved from Nogent-sur-Seine to Paris, and it was most probably in 1882 that she met and became a student of sculptor Auguste Rodin. Their relationship, which evolved into a tempestuous affair lasting until 1898, was initially one of artistic encouragement and development, but later it proved to undermine her artistic identity and contribute to her intense persecution mania for which she was later hospitalized. She adopted the master's craggy modeling style and themes of desire, secrecy, and decay as found in Rodin's "Gates of Hell" (1880-1900). As a draftsman, she executed many portrait heads in a Social Realist style. By 1914 she was interned to a home in Montdevergues where she remained until her death in 1943.

Names:
Claudel, Camille (preferred,V,index,LC)
Camille Claudel (V,display)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor

Gender: female

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Claudel, Camille (I)

Biographies:
(French sculptor, 1864-1943) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(artist, 1864-1943) ..... [GRL]
(French artist, 1856-1913) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Camille Claudel ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Claudel, Camille ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82158800
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Balteau et al., Dictionnaire de biographie française (1933-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Busse, Maler und Bildhauer des 19 Jahrhunderts (1977)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Fogg Museum Library Catalogue (1971)
....................  Gaudichon et al., Catalogue de sculptures (1983)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  La Femme Artiste (1981)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Mackay, Western Sculptors in Bronze (1977)
....................  Rheims, 19th Century Sculpture (1977)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Camille Claudel." Accessed 01/06/04
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