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ID: 500062911
 
Record Type: Person
Gregory I, Pope (Italian pope and writer, ca. 540-604)

Note: Gregory I, considered the founder of the medieval papacy (reigned 590-604), was a notable theologian who was also an administrative, social, liturgical, and moral reformer. Among his accomplishments were a reform of the liturgy and the promotion of liturgical music, hence the name Gregorian chant. Gregory's views on art stated that although images, as man-made objects, should not be worshipped, they could be beneficially didactic, especially for illiterate people, and could be used as tools for conversion. Narrative paintings in particular could also prompt religious feeling. Nevertheless, Gregory was accused of destroying pagan literature and classical art; doubts regarding the validity of the accusations were later expressed by Sicco Poleton, Platina, Albrecht Dürer and Raphael. During the Counter-Reformation of the 16th century, Gregory was lauded for his destructive zeal.

Names:
Gregory I, Pope (preferred,V,index)
Pope Gregory I (V,display)
Gregory the Great (V)
Saint Gregory the Great (V)
St. Gregory the Great (V)
St Gregory the Great (V)
Saint Gregory (V)
Gregory I (V)
Saint Gregory I (V)
St Gregory I (V)
Gregory (V)
Gregory, the Great, Saint (V)
the Great, Pope (U)
Gregor (U)
Gregorio (U)
Gregorius (U)
Grégoire (U)
Grēgorios (U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Roman

Roles:
pope (preferred)  ....  elected in 590
writer
patron

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Gregory I, Pope (I)

Biographies:
(Italian pope and writer, ca. 540-604) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian saint, 540-604) ..... [Grove Art]
(Italian, ca. 540-604) ..... [JPGM]
(artist, 540-604) ..... [GRL]
(Italian pope, born ca. 540, Died 604.) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian pope, born ca. 540, 540-604) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Grégoire ........ [GRL]
...................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Gregor ........ [GRL]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Gregorio ........ [GRL]
...................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Grēgorios ........ [GRL]
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Gregorius ........ [GRL]
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Gregory ........ [GRL, JPGM Preferred, VP]
.................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79056801
Gregory I ........ [VP]
....................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 388
....................  Goring, Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 199
Gregory I, Pope ........ [AVERY Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 7 July 2005
Gregory the Great ........ [VP]
..................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 7 July 2005
..................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 7 July 2005
Gregory, the Great, Saint ........ [AVERY]
.................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Pope Gregory I ........ [AVERY, Grove Art, VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Saint Gregory ........ [VP]
............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 7 July 2005
Saint Gregory I ........ [VP]
...............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 7 July 2005
Saint Gregory the Great ........ [VP]
.............................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 7 July 2005
St Gregory I ........ [VP]
.........................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 388
.........................  Goring, Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 199
St Gregory the Great ........ [VP]
.......................................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 388
.......................................  Goring, Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 199
St. Gregory the Great ........ [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
the Great, Pope ........ [Grove Art]
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, GRL, Grove Art, JPGM, VP]
....................  Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 388
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 7 July 2005
....................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Goring, Larousse Dictionary of Beliefs and Religions (1994) 199
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 7 July 2005
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 7 July 2005
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Bowker, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (1997) 388
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 7 July 2005
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 7 July 2005
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