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ID: 500039914
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500039914

 
Record Type: Person
Oteiza, Jorge de (Spanish sculptor, 1908-2003)

Note: A Basque artist and theorist; Oteiza began working seriously as a sculptor after leaving his studies at the Faculty of Medicine in Madrid around 1935, though his artistic activity can be traced to the late 1920s. He was influenced by trends in Expressionism and Cubism early in his career. During the Spanish Civil War he moved to South America; travelling to Chile, Argentina, Colombia and Peru, and worked as a writer and as a teacher. In Buenos Aires he taught at the Escuela Nacional de Cerámica and later functioned as official supervisor of ceramic studies in Colombia. In 1944 he outlined a theory of "objective aesthetics," and gave many lectures during this period advocating radical experimentation in the arts. Oteiza returned to Spain in 1950, finding that most artists of his generation had fled the country or been killed in the war. He is credited with founding Spain's modern sculptural trend almost singlehandedly. His work proved influential to members of Equipo 57, and to Eduardo Chillida, Andreu Alfaro, Txomin Badiola, Pello Irazu, and Juan Luis Moraza. He is thought to be the most important art theorist to have worked in Spain during the Franco period. He abandoned sculpture in 1958 due to frustration reconciling his own theories with sculptural practice. He turned to urban development and theory from this time on, and addressed aesthetics from a Basque point of view. In 1969 he founded the Escuela de Deva in Guipúzcoa. His 1963 book "How Much Longer?...An Interpretation of the Basque Soul" is considered his most important written work. The Bilbao Museum of Fine Arts holds the most complete collection of his sculpture. Spanish sculptor.

Names:
Oteiza, Jorge de (preferred,V,index)
Jorge de Oteiza (V,display)
De Oteiza, Jorge (V)
Embil, Jorge de Oteiza (V)
Oteiza Embil, Jorge (V)
Oteiza Embil, Jorge de (V)
Oteyza, Jorge de (V)
Oteiza, Jorge (U)

Nationalities:
Spanish (preferred)
Basque

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
theorist
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Guipúzcoa (Basque Provinces, Spain) (province)
Died:  San Sebastián (Guipúzcoa, Basque Provinces, Spain) (inhabited place)

Events:
exhibition:   1990

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
friend of ....  Weissmann, Franz  
................  (Austrian sculptor and painter, 1911-2005, active in Brazil) [500356606]
teacher of ....  Negret, Edgar  
..................  (Colombian sculptor, born 1920) [500108151]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Oteiza, Jorge de (I)

Biographies:
(Spanish sculptor, 1908-2003) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Spanish sculptor; n.1908-exh.1990) ..... [FRICK]
(Spanish sculptor, 1908-2003) ..... [AVERY]
(Spanish sculptor) ..... [AVERY]
(Spanish sculptor) ..... [AVERY]
(Spanish sculptor) ..... [AVERY]
(Spanish sculptor, 1908-2003) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
De Oteiza, Jorge ........ [AVERY, FRICK]
.................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................................  Frick Art Reference Library database
Embil, Jorge de Oteiza ........ [AVERY, FRICK]
...........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...........................................  Frick Art Reference Library database
Jorge de Oteiza ........ [GRISC, VP]
..............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Oteiza Embil, Jorge ........ [FRICK]
.......................................  Frick Art Reference Library database
Oteiza Embil, Jorge de ........ [AVERY, FRICK, Grove Art]
...........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...........................................  Frick Art Reference Library database
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Oteiza, Jorge ........ [Grove Art Preferred]
............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Oteiza, Jorge de ........ [AVERY Preferred, FRICK Preferred, GRISC Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Frick Art Reference Library, Spanish artists from the 4th to the 20th century (1993-1996)
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Oteyza, Jorge de ........ [FRICK]
................................  Frick Art Reference Library database

Subject: ........ [AVERY, FRICK, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Bradley, Basque Modern, Art in America (1998)
....................  Frick Art Reference Library database
....................  Frick Art Reference Library, Spanish artists from the 4th to the 20th century (1993-1996) 3:278
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80010235
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 16 February 2005
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80010235
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Bradley, Basque Modern, Art in America (1998)
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 16 February 2005
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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