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 Representative Images:    1  2
ID: 500032046
 
Record Type: Person
Ensor, James (Belgian painter and printmaker, 1860-1949)

Note: Ensor was a visionary and proto-modernist artist whose use of color prefigured fauvism and expressionism, and whose fantastic, symbolist, and satirical imagery were to influence Paul Klee, Emil Nolde, and later the Cobra group. His most productive period was been 1880 and 1900, but he was not well known until the late 1920s. Although many of his works feature satirical fantasies, he also painted seascapes, landscapes, and still-lifes. He was self-taught in the art of copperplate etching and produced many masterful works in this medium. In both his graphical works and in his paintings he made use of the carnival masks sold in his family's shop in Ostend as models for figures in thronging crowd scenes, still lifes, and domestic tableaux. These works can be interpreted as critiques of the Catholic Church, the Belgian state, and society in general. His most well-known painting may be "Christ's Entry into Brussels," a large-scale work in which the title figure is dwarfed by a crowd of grotesques. He remained in Ostend for the majority of his life, leaving in 1877 at the age of 17 to study at the Académie Royale des Beaux Arts in Brussels. Upon his return to Ostend in 1879 he established a studio above his parents shop, where he produced the majority of his mature work. In 1883 he was a founding member of the Groupe des Vingt. During his lifetime Ensor's work was critiqued harshly by his contemporaries, even among the avant-garde group he helped found.

Names:
Ensor, James (preferred,V,index,LC)
James Ensor (V,display)
Ensor, James Sidney Edouard (V)
Ensor, James, Baron (V)
Baron James Ensor (V)
Ensor, James Sidney Edouard, Baron (U)

Nationalities:
Belgian (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
draftsman
painter
printmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Ostend (West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium) (inhabited place)
Died:  Ostend (West-Vlaanderen, Flanders, Belgium) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Ensor, James (I)

Biographies:
(Belgian painter and printmaker, 1860-1949) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1860-1949) ..... [GRL]
(Belgian painter, 1860-1949) ..... [Grove Art]
(Belgian artist, 1860-1949) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Belgian painter, 1860-1949) ..... [PROV]
(Belgian artist, 1860-1949) ..... [WCP]
(Belgian, 1860-1949) ..... [JPGM]
(Belgian, 1860-1949) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Belgian painter, printmaker, 1860-1949) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Baron James Ensor ........ [PROV]
...................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Ensor, James ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..........................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 October 2002
..........................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50082924
..........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Ensor, James, Baron ........ [Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 October 2002
Ensor, James Sidney Edouard ........ [VP]
......................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 October 2002
Ensor, James Sidney Edouard, Baron ........ [Grove Art]
...................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
James Ensor ........ [PROV, VP]
........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 October 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Kindlers Malerei Lexikon (1964-1971)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Bénézit Dictionary of Artists: English Edition (2006) 5:228
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 25 May 2006
.......... Marchesano, Ensor's Graphic Modernism (2006)
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