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 Representative Images:    1
ID: 500026649
 
Record Type: Person
Masaccio (Italian painter, 1401-1428)

Note: Masaccio's father was the notary Ser Giovanni di Mone (Simone) Cassai. When Ser Giovanni died in 1406, Masaccio's mother, Jacopa di Martinozzo di Dino, married Tedesco di Feo, an apothecary in Masaccio's native San Giovanni (located between Florence and Arezzo). Masaccio is recorded as a "painter" by the age of 16, and a few years later he was listed among painters in the guild records of the Arte de' Medici e Speziali. It is a tradition that Masaccio's master was Masolino, with whom he later often collaborated; however, this is unlikely because Masolino was not a member of the painters' guild until 1423, and thus would not have had apprentices during Masaccio's youth. Masaccio is often noted as the founder of Italian Renaissance painting, because he learned from the intial experiments of Giotto to create figures, drapery, and objects as fully three-dimensional with gravitational weight. In addition, his pictorial space is arranged by using linear perspective, light and shadow are portrayed as if light were entering this space from a single source, and his figures appear to be present, conscious characters who react and display emotion. Giorgio Vasari, a 16th-century biographer of artists, explained that Masaccio followed in the footsteps of sculptors Brunelleschi and Donatello, even though he worked in the medium of painting.

Names:
Masaccio (preferred,V,display,P)
Guidi, Tommaso (V)
Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi (V)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai (V)
Massaccio (V)
Massacio (V)
Mazzacio (V)
Mesaccio (V)
Mone, Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di (V)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone (V)
Tommaso Guidi (V)
Tommaso Guido (V)
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Guidi (V)
Masaccio, Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi (V)
Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Masaccio (V)
Mazachcho (U)
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi (U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Castel San Giovanni (Piacenza province, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Andrea di Giusto  
..........................  (Italian painter, active 1427-1447, died 1451) [500118632]
collaborated with ....  Masolino  
................................  (Italian painter, 1383-ca. 1447) [500004819]
sibling of ....  Giovanni di ser Giovanni Guidi  
..................  (Italian painter, 1406-1486) [500022041]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Masaccio (I)

Biographies:
(Italian painter, 1401-1428) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist) ..... [GRL]
(Italian painter) ..... [Grove Art]
(Italian artist, 1401-1428) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Italian painter, 1401-1428?) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian artist, 1401-1428(?)) ..... [WCP]
(Italian painter, 1401-1428?) ..... [PROV]
(Italian painter, 1401-ca.1428) ..... [BHA]
(Italian artist, 1401-circa 1428) ..... [WCI]
(Italian, Florentine, 1401-1428) ..... [JPGM]
(Italian, 1401-1428) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Italian painter, probably died 1428) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter, probably died 1428) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Guidi, Tommaso ........ [AVERY, GRL]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
Masaccio ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred]
...................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
...................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
...................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Masaccio, Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.......................................................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Masaccio, Tommaso Guidi ........ [GRL]
...............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
Massaccio ........ [PROV]
.....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Massacio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Mazachcho ........ [GRL]
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006973
Mazzacio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Mesaccio ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Mone, Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di ........ [VP]
............................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi ........ [GRLPSC, VP, WCP Preferred]
..................................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Masaccio ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.....................................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone ........ [VP]
..........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai ........ [Grove Art, VP]
.......................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 October 2004
Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Mone Guidi ........ [BHA]
....................................................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Tommaso Guidi ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Tommaso Guido ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (1949-1951)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 October 2004
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 02/12/2002.
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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