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ID: 500018521
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500018521

 
Record Type: Person
Heartfield, John (German photomontagist, draftsman, and typographer, 1891-1968)

Note: Best known for his politically-themed photomontage work of the 1930s lampooning the machinery of war and the rise of fascism. He studied at Munich's Königliche Kunstgewerbeschule with the Jugendstil poster artists Weisberger and Hohlwein, and later with Ernst Neumann, an advertising designer. The outbreak of World War I ended his studies in 1914. His earliest photo-based works involved juxtapositions of combat photographs with government war propaganda. He shared a studio with his friend, the painter George Grosz, and together they anglicized their names as a protest against the war. In 1918 he joined both the Berlin Dada movement and Germany's Communist Party. He designed book jackets for leftist literature at his brother's publishing house Malik Verlag, and from the mid-1920s his photomontages began to appear in left-wing periodicals. He is most noted for the satirical montages targeting Adolf Hitler and his followers that he created in the 1930s for the magazine AIZ (Die Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung).

Names:
Heartfield, John (preferred,V,index,LC)
John Heartfield (V,display)
Herzfeld, Helmut (V)
Herzfelde, Helmuth (V)
Herzfelde, Helmut (V)
Heartfield, Herzfelde (U)
Heartfield, Helmuth (U)
Khartfilʹd, Dzhon (U)
Harṭfild, G'on (U)
הארטפילד, ג׳ון (U)
John (born Helmut Herzfelde) Heartfield (U)
Heartfield (born Helmut Herzfelde), John (U)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer
filmmaker
journalist
painter
printmaker
photomontagist
typographer
scenographer
draftsman

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associate of ....  Hausmann, Raoul  
......................  (Austrian photomontagist, sculptor, author, 1886-1971) [500013293]
collaborated with ....  Baader, Johannes  
................................  (German author, painter, and sculptor, 1875-1955) [500072111]
friend of ....  Grosz, George  
................  (German painter and printmaker, 1893-1959) [500014558]
student of ....  Hohlwein, Ludwig  
..................  (German architect, painter, designer, 1874-1949) [500071930]
student of ....  Weisgerber, Albert  
..................  (German painter, engraver, and illustrator, 1878-1915) [500023378]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Heartfield, John (I)

Biographies:
(German photomontagist, draftsman, and typographer, 1891-1968) ..... [VP Preferred]
(German painter, printmaker, filmmaker, journalist, 1891-1968) ..... [BHA]
(German artist, 1891-1968) ..... [WCP]
(German artist, 1891-1968) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(German photomontagist, 1891-1968) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1891-1968) ..... [GRL]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(German artist, 1891-1968) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
הארטפילד, ג׳ון ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79139067
Harṭfild, G'on ........ [GRL]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79139067
Heartfield (born Helmut Herzfelde), John ........ [MoMA]
..............................................................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
Heartfield, Helmuth ........ [Grove Art]
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Heartfield, Herzfelde ........ [Grove Art]
............................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Heartfield, John ........ [BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 24 August 2005
..................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..................................  John Heartfield (1992)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79139067
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Herzfelde, Helmut ........ [VP]
....................................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 317
Herzfelde, Helmuth ........ [VP]
......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 August 2005
Herzfeld, Helmut ........ [GRL, VP]
..................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79139067
John (born Helmut Herzfelde) Heartfield ........ [MoMA Preferred]
............................................................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
John Heartfield ........ [GRISC, VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Khartfilʹd, Dzhon ........ [GRL]
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79139067

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n79139067
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 24 August 2005
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 August 2005
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  John Heartfield (1992)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n79139067
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 317
....................  Zervigón, Agitated Images (2006)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 28 February 2006
.......... Zervigón, Agitated Images (2006)
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