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ID: 500016009
 
Record Type: Person
Spaendonck, Gerard van (Dutch flower painter and printmaker, 1746-1822, active in Paris)

Note: Important and successful Dutch flower painter. His father was the steward of the seignory of Tilburg, belonging to the Prince of Hesse-Kassel, and the Prince had one of the finest gardens in the area, designed in the latest French style; the garden surely influenced Gerard at a young age. When Gerard went to Paris in 1769, flower painting left its traditional center in the Low Countries for the first time.

Names:
Spaendonck, Gerard van (preferred,V,index,LC)
Gerard van Spaendonck (V,display)
Spaendonck, Gerard de (V)
Spaendonck, Gerardus (V)
Spaendonck, Gerardus van (V)
Gerardus Spaendonck (V)
Spaendonck, Gerard Van (V)
Van Spaendonck, Gerard (U)
Spaendonck, Gerrit van (U)

Nationalities:
Dutch (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
miniaturist
court artist  ....  appointed miniature painter to Louis XVI in 1774
professor  ....  became professor of flower painting at the Jardin des Plantes in 1780
designer  ....  for the Sèvres porcelain factory
watercolorist
printmaker
engraver (printmaker)
lithographer
founder (originator)  ....  founder-member of the Institut de France in 1795

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Tilburg (North Brabant, Netherlands) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
receiving honor:   received the Legion of Honor in 1804  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
receiving honor:   ennobled by Napoleon in 1805  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Herreyns, Guillaume-Jacques  1764-1769
........................  (Flemish painter, draftsman, and teacher, 1743-1827) [500047996]
sibling of ....  Spaendonck, Cornelis van  
..................  (Dutch painter, 1756-1840) [500009512]
teacher of ....  Bessa, Pancrace  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1772-1846) [500032342]
teacher of ....  Cerres, Caroline  
..................  (French painter, 1799-after 1836) [500062829]
teacher of ....  Chazal, Antoine Toussaint de  
..................  (French painter, illustrator, and engraver, 1793-1854) [500030440]
teacher of ....  Knip, Henriette Gertruide  ca. 1803 in Paris
..................  (Dutch still life painter, 1783-1842) [500029501]
teacher of ....  Redouté, Pierre Joseph  
..................  (French illustrator of Flemish birth, 1759-1840) [500005678]
teacher of ....  Veron, Alexandre Paul Joseph  
..................  (French painter, born 1733, active 1801-1838) [500089499]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Spaendonck, Gerard van (I)

Biographies:
(Dutch flower painter and printmaker, 1746-1822, active in Paris) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Dutch artist, 1746-1822) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1746-1822) ..... [GRL]
(Dutch, 1746-1822) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Dutch artist, 1746-1822) ..... [WCP]
(Dutch painter, 1746-1822) ..... [PROV]
(Dutch painter, 1746-1822) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Gerardus Spaendonck ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Gerard van Spaendonck ........ [PROV, VP]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Spaendonck, Gerard de ........ [PROV]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Spaendonck, Gerardus ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Spaendonck, Gerardus van ........ [GRLPSC Preferred]
................................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Spaendonck, Gerard van ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, PROV Preferred]
............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 81038642
Spaendonck, Gerard Van ........ [WL-Courtauld]
.............................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Spaendonck, Gerrit van ........ [GRL]
............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 81038642
Van Spaendonck, Gerard ........ [GRL]
.............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 81038642

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Nov 2002
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Scheen, Lexicon Nederlandse beeldende kunstenaars, 1750-1880 (1981)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Nov 2002
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