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ID: 500016005
 
Record Type: Person
Allston, Washington (American painter, 1779-1843)

Note: Washington Allston was an important American exponent of the intense Romanticism of the early 19th century; he may be credited with taking American painting from a generally narrow interest in fact into a more imaginative realm. Allston's paintings are noted for their brilliant sunlight and strikingly transparent color achieved with a Venetian method of glazing he learnt while studying in London. Early works include some noteworthy portraits (e.g. Self-Portrait, 1805, and Portrait of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1806) and historic landscapes, with "Diana and her Nymphs in the Chase" (1805) being his first critical success. Biblical themes next captured his interest; "Dead Man Restored to Life by Touching the Bones of the Prophet Elisha" (1811-1814) is indicative of his unique choices of subject matter, of his dramatic and mysterious Romantic style, and of the contemporary interest in bolstering religious faith by historical analogy. His later works were more lyrical; the peaceful and poetic "Moonlit Landscape" of 1819 is in essence about the human spirit expanding in the spacious quiet of nature. These later paintings mark him as a forerunner of the visionary and subjective trend in landscape painting in America. Allston's writings include poetry, a Gothic novel entitled "Monaldi" (1841), and his "Lectures of Art," posthumously published in 1850.

Names:
Allston, Washington (preferred,V,index,LC)
Washington Allston (V,display)
Alston, Washington (U)
Allston, W. (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
landscapist
writer
poet
novelist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Georgetown (Pickens county, South Carolina, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Cambridgeport (Middlesex county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Boston (Suffolk county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)
active:   1801-1808; 1811-1818  Europe (World) (continent)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  West, Benjamin  
..................  (American painter and draftsman, 1738-1820, active in Great Britain) [500026989]
teacher of ....  Flagg, George Whiting  
..................  (American painter, 1816-1897) [500021684]
teacher of ....  Morse, Samuel Finley Breese  
..................  (American painter and inventor, 1791-1872) [500026460]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Allston, Washington (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, 1779-1843) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(artist, 1779-1843) ..... [GRL]
(American painter, 1779-1843) ..... [Grove Art]
(American artist, 1779-1843) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1779-1843) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1779-1843) ..... [PROV]
(American, 1779-1843) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American artist, 1779-1843) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Allston, W. ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80010033
Allston, Washington ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80010033
........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Alston, Washington ........ [GRL]
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80010033
Washington Allston ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 11
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Webster's New Biographical Dictionary (1988)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Nov 2002
.......... Mendelowitz, History of American Art, 2nd ed. (1970) 200
.......... Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 11
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