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ID: 500015587
 
Record Type: Person
Burle Marx, Roberto (Brazilian landscape architect, painter, and designer, 1909-1994)

Note: Roberto Burle Marx spent his childhood in Rio de Janeiro. He moved to Germany with his family in 1928, studied singing in Berlin, and entered into the cultural life of the city where he attended theatres, operas, museums, and art galleries. He also came into contact with the works of Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Paul Klee. During 1929, he attended the painting workshop of Degner Klemm. On returning to Brazil, he took courses in painting and architecture at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes [National School of Fine Arts] in Rio de Janeiro, between 1930 and 1934, where he was a pupil of Leo Putz (1869 - 1940), Augusto Bracet (1881 - 1960) and Celso Antônio (1896 - 1984). In 1932, he carried out his first garden project for the residence of the Schwartz family in Rio de Janeiro at the invitation of the architect, Lucio Costa (1902 - 1998), who executed the architectural design in collaboration with Gregori Warchavchic (1896-1972). From 1934 to 1937, he occupied the position of Director of Parks and Gardens in Recife, Pernambuco, where he lived. During this period, he made frequent visits to Rio de Janeiro, taking classes with Candido Portinari (1903 - 1962) and the writer, Mário de Andrade (1893 - 1945), at the Art Institute of the Federal District University. He returned to Rio de Janeiro in 1937, working as assistant to Candido Portinari. The end of the 1930s witnessed the integration of his landscape work into modern architecture, with the artist experimenting with sinuous and organic forms in his projects. While his passion for plants dated back to his youth, when he became interested in botany and gardening, it was in 1949 that Burle Marx organised a large collection, when he acquired a 800,000 m² plot in Campo Grande, Rio de Janeiro. Together with botanists, he made many visits to various regions of the country in order to collect and catalogue examples of plants, reproducing the diversity of Brazilian flora in his work.

Names:
Burle Marx, Roberto (preferred,V,index,LC)
Roberto Burle Marx (V,display)
Burle-Marx, Roberto (V)
Marx, Roberto Burle (V)
Marx, Burle (U)
Burle Marx (U)

Nationalities:
Brazilian (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
designer
landscape architect
painter
printmaker
engraver (printmaker)
sculptor
weaver
potter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  São Paulo (São Paulo, Brazil) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Portinari, Cândido  
..................  (Brazilian painter, ceramicist, and printmaker, 1903-1962) [500022426]
teacher of ....  Clark, Lygia  
..................  (Brazilian painter, sculptor, and performance artist, 1920-1988) [500118001]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Burle Marx, Roberto (I)

Biographies:
(Brazilian landscape architect, painter, and designer, 1909-1994) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1909-1994) ..... [GRL]
(Brazilian landscape architect, 1909-1994) ..... [Grove Art]
(S.& C.American(Brazilian) artist, 20th century) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Brazilian artist, 20th cent.) ..... [WCP]
(Brazilian landscape architect, artist, designer, b.1909) ..... [BHA]
(Brazilian landscape architect, 1909-) ..... [AVERY]
(Brazilian landscape architect) ..... [AVERY]
(Brazilian landscape architect, 1909-1994) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Burle Marx ........ [GRL]
......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50041439
Burle Marx, Roberto ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
.......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 December 2003
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50041439
Burle-Marx, Roberto ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Marx, Burle ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50041439
Marx, Roberto Burle ........ [AVERY, GRL, PESP Preferred]
.......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50041439
Roberto Burle Marx ........ [PESP, VP]
.....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, Grove Art, PESP, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1987)
....................  Contemporary Architects [n.d.]
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Fleming, Roberto Burle Marx (1996)
....................  Frota, Burle Marx (1994)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Gravura em campo expandido / curadoria e texto (2012)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 December 2003
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  Marx, Arte e paisagem (1997)
....................  Pontual, Entre dois séculos (1987)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Zanini, História geral da arte no Brasil (1983)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, PESP, VP]
.......... Contemporary Architects [n.d.]
.......... PESP database (2000-) researcher Mônica Torres, Marianne Arnone, 2014
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