The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Union List of Artist Names Full Record Display
Union List of Artist Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help
Click the icon to view the hierarchy.
 
Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)
ID: 500015134
 
Record Type: Person
Pollock, Jackson (American painter, 1912-1956)

Note: Pollock was one of the leading proponents of Abstract Expression in the 1940s and 1950s. His art, lifestyle, and untimely death have been elevated to the status of legend. In 1928, he studied at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles, and during this time was exposed to European modernism, analytical psychology, and Surrealist automatism. In 1930, he settled in New York, and studied with the Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton. During the 1930s he lived in poverty and worked as a mural assistant for the Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project. His work before 1938 shows the influence of Benton, Albert Pinkham Ryder, and the Mexican muralists. In 1938, he was hospitalized for alcoholism during which time he used automatic drawing as therapy. From this, Pollock developed his early style, one of totemic male and female figures and images of eyes or mythic beasts that constituted a personal iconography. A fine example of this period is "Guardians of the Secret," a work of late-Surrealist style and frenetic brushwork that would hint at his later mature style. He met the painter Lee Krasner in 1941, and they married in 1945. Pollock is best known for working methods of pouring or dripping paint onto a large canvas on the floor, moving about it as he worked, the entire art process being a kind of performance. Typically moving from left to right as if "writing" the work, Pollock laid the key vertical and horizontal elements down first, mostly black or white, and then intertwined subsequent colors within it. This method of organizing a space into panels echoes Benton's theories of mural composition. Pollock was one of the first celebrity painters of the Post-War era in the USA, his free-form style and dramatic personality capturing the spirit of the Beat Generation of the early 1950s. He was killed in a car accident in 1956.

Names:
Pollock, Jackson (preferred,V,index,LC)
Jackson Pollock (V,display)
Pollock, Paul Jackson (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
undetermined

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker
engraver (printmaker)

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Cody (Park county, Wyoming, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  East Hampton (Suffolk county, New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associate of ....  Hartigan, Grace  
......................  (American painter, 1922-2008) [500027518]
friend of ....  Guston, Philip  
................  (American painter, 1913-1980, born in Canada) [500023901]
sibling of ....  Pollock, Charles Cecil  
..................  (American painter, 1902-1988) [500021801]
spouse of ....  Krasner, Lee  1945-1956
................  (American painter, 1908-1984) [500010144]
student of ....  Benton, Thomas Hart  
..................  (American painter, illustrator, and lithographer, 1889-1975) [500005998]
student of ....  Feitelson, Lorser  
..................  (American painter, muralist and teacher, 1898-1978 ) [500011447]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Pollock, Jackson (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, 1912-1956) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American painter, 1912-1956) ..... [BHA]
(American, 1912-1956) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American artist, 1912-1956) ..... [WCP]
(Engraver, 1912-1956) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1912-1956) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1912-1956) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1912-1956) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist) ..... [AVERY]
(American painter, 1912-1956) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1912-1956) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(American artist) ..... [PROV]

Sources and Contributors:
Jackson Pollock ........ [GRISC, PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Pollock, Jackson ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80034261
..................................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Pollock, Paul Jackson ........ [AVERY, GRL, Grove Art]
...........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80034261

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Artist Biographies Master Index (1986)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Bruce and Wells, Art and Context, the '50s and '60s (2006) 28
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80034261
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80034261
....................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  Who Was Who in American Art (1985)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) v. 25, p. 165
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust