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ID: 500012664
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500012664

 
Record Type: Person
Hawksmoor, Nicholas (English architect, 1661-1736)

Note: Died 25 March 1736. Hawksmoor was trained in the 1680s as architect under Sir Christopher Wren, whom he assisted later (from 1696 personally, and 1698 officially in designing Greenwich Hospital (now the Royal Naval College). He collaborated with Sir John Vanbrugh on Castle Howard (first design: 1699) and Blenheim Palace (begun 1705). He was appointed clerk of works at Kensington Palace in 1689. He was replaced by Henry Jones in 1715, but received the senior clerkship to the palaces of Whitehall, Westminster, and Saint James's in the same year. Hawksmoor was appointed, with John James, surveyor or executive architect to the Fifty Churches Commission, from 1711 until the termination of the scheme in 1733. This project consisted of rebuilding, mostly in the new suburbs of London and Westminster, the churches destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. A dozen of these churches were realised; Hawksmoor designed six of them plus two more in collaboration with John James. Designed the north quadrangle of All Souls College (1716-1735), Oxford University. British architect associated with Wren.

Names:
Hawksmoor, Nicholas (preferred,V,index)
Nicholas Hawksmoor (V,display)
Hauksmore, Nicholas (V)
Hawkesmore, Nicholas (V)
Hawksmore, Nicholas (V)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Died:  Westminster (London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (neighborhood)

Events:
active:   England (United Kingdom) (country)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Wren, Christopher  in the 1680s
........................  (English architect, 1632-1723) [500115492]
collaborated with ....  James, John  
................................  (English architect, ca. 1672-1746) [500011241]
collaborated with ....  Vanbrugh, John  
................................  (English architect and dramatist, 1664-1726) [500004345]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Hawksmoor, Nicholas (I)

Biographies:
(English architect, 1661-1736) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(British architect associated with Wren, 1661-1736) ..... [AVERY]
(English architect; born near East Drayton (Lincolnshire or Norfolk, England, now England, United Kingdom), 1661; died Westminster (England, now England, United Kingdom), 1736) ..... [CCA]
(1661-1736; Architect, England) ..... [FDA]
( architect, 1661-1736) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(British architect, 1661-1736) ..... [AVERY]
(English architect, 1661-1736) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Hauksmore, Nicholas ........ [CCA]
........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Hawkesmore, Nicholas ........ [FDA]
..........................................  Colvin, Biographical Dictionary of British Architects (1978) p.19
Hawksmoor, Nicholas ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, FDA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
........................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
........................................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Hawksmore, Nicholas ........ [CCA]
........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Nicholas Hawksmoor ........ [CCA, CL-Courtauld, GRISC, VP]
......................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
......................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
......................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, FDA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Avery Library Catalog (1968)
....................  Bill, Queen Anne churches (1978)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database (1987-)
....................  Colvin, Biographical Dictionary of British Architects (1978) p.19
....................  DNB: Oxford National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927) IX
....................  Downes, Hawksmoor (1977)
....................  Du Prey, Hawksmoor's Basilica, Society of Architectural Historians (1989)
....................  Fletcher's History of Architecture (1987) 1975, p.982
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50036415
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50036415
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  Meal
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der K√ľnstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP]
.......... DNB: Oxford National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982) 337, 341, 343
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