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ID: 500010804
 
Record Type: Person
Tinguely, Jean (Swiss sculptor, 1925-1991)

Note: The Swiss sculptor began experimenting with motors in the late 1930s. In 1940 he began studying at the Allgemeine Gewerbeschule, Basel. After WWII he abandoned painting for sculpture. In 1953, with Daniel Spoerri he planned ‘Autothéâtre’ a performerless ballet of colored shapes and objects, which went unrealized. Soon after he began building his meta-mechanical devices, which could be set in motion by the viewer. In the late 1950s he produced the 'Meta-matic' painting and drawing machines; portable devices that allowed the viewer to produce abstract images on paper automatically. In 1960 Tinguely’s association with Arman, César, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, the critic Pierre Restany, and others, led to the founding of the Nouveau Réalisme group. He created auto-destructive works including one at MoMA, "Homage to New York' in 1960. In 1964 he began a creative and romantic relationship with Niki de Saint-Phalle, and in 1966 he collaborated with her and Per-Olof Ultvedt on a monumental sculpture, 'Hon.' He eventually married Saint Phalle, and they collaborated on a number of other works, including fountains and environments. He is considered a pioneer of kinetic art. The Museum Tinguely, dedicated to his work, is in Basel, Switzerland.

Names:
Tinguely, Jean (preferred,V,index,LC)
Jean Tinguely (V,display)

Nationalities:
Swiss (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
assemblage artist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Fribourg (Fribourg, Switzerland) (inhabited place)
Died:  Bern (Bern canton, Switzerland) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Spoerri, Daniel  
................................  (Swiss sculptor, performance artist, and writer, born 1930 in Romania) [500031201]
collaborated with ....  Ultvedt, Per Olof  
................................  (Finnish painter, sculptor, and printmaker, born 1927) [500122367]
colleague of ....  César  
......................  (French sculptor, 1921-1998) [500024535]
colleague of ....  Klein, Yves  
......................  (French painter, sculptor, and performance artist, 1928-1962) [500005222]
member of ....  Nouveaux Réalistes  
................  (French and European group of artists, 1960-1963) [500124735]
member of ....  Zero  
................  (International group of artists, active ca. 1957-1966) [500126108]
spouse of ....  Saint Phalle, Niki de  
................  (French-American sculptor, writer, and scenographer, 1930-2002) [500024269]
student of ....  Ris, Julia  
..................  (Swiss painter, sculptor, and graphic artist, born 1904) [500166492]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Tinguely, Jean (I)

Biographies:
(Swiss sculptor, 1925-1991) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Swiss motion sculptor, 1925-) ..... [AVERY]
(Swiss sculptor, born 1925) ..... [BHA]
(Swiss sculptor b.1925) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Swiss artist, 1925-) ..... [WCP]
(Swiss artist, 1925-1991) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Swiss sculptor, 1925-1991) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Swiss sculptor, 1925-1991) ..... [AVERY]
(Swiss sculptor, 1925-1991) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1925-1991) ..... [GRL]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]

Sources and Contributors:
Jean Tinguely ........ [GRISC Preferred, VP]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 940004
Tinguely, Jean ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 20 May 2013
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50011850
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Artist Biographies Master Index (1986)
....................  ARTnews (October 1991)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50011850
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2008-) accessed 20 May 2013
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 March 2003
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50011850
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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