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ID: 500009338
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500009338

 
Record Type: Person
Turrell, James (American sculptor, born 1941)

Note: Turrell's work deals predominantly with creating spaces that challenge both the viewer's physical and psychological perception of the world, often using lighting with fixed durations or concealed light, empty space, silence, and darkness. He studied psychology and mathematics at Pomona College in Claremont California from 1962-1965, and took a course in fine art at the University of California, Irvine from 1965-1966. His first works were set up in studio or exhibition spaces, where he created geometric shapes on bare walls using cross-projected halogen lights. Many of his works were to reach beyond the gallery, and in 1977 he purchased the Roden Crater, and extinct volcano in Flagstaff, Arizona. Scheduled to be completed in 2002, the work will lead the viewer inside the crater and through a series of walkways and staircases to rooms that feature different ways to view the crater and sky above, emphasizing, the space, stillness, and silence of nature.

Names:
Turrell, James (preferred,V,index,LC)
James Turrell (V,display)
Turrell, James Archie (V)
James Archie Turrell (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
installation artist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Los Angeles (Los Angeles county, California, United States) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Turrell, James (I)

Biographies:
(American sculptor, born 1941) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American artist, Flagstaff, Ariz.) ..... [AVERY]
(American sculptor, b.1943) ..... [BHA]
( sculptor, born 1943) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American artist, born 1943) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American artist, born 1943) ..... [AVERY]
(American installation artist) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist) ..... [GRL]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(American artist, born 1943) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
James Archie Turrell ........ [CL-Courtauld, VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
James Turrell ........ [GRISC Preferred, GRL, MoMA Preferred, VP]
............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 940004
............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Turrell, James ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRISC, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA, VP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
..............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 2006M8; 2009M5
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80130447
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Turrell, James Archie ........ [BHA, CL-Courtauld Preferred, VP]
...........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
...........................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, GRISC, GRL, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Artforum 6/2 (1967)
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "James Turrell." Accessed 02/25/02
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  MoMA, Library Catalog (1976)
....................  Tableau: Tijdschrift voor beeldende kunst 9/6 (1987)
....................  Who's Who in American Art (1936-) 1989
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "James Turrell." Accessed 02/25/02
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Wade, Night and Day in the Desert, Los Angeles Times Magazine (2002)
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