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ID: 500006023
 
Record Type: Person
Kupka, František (Czech painter, 1871-1957, active in France)

Note: Pioneer of abstract painting in Europe. From 1887 until 1891 he studied at the Prague Academy of Fine Arts and at the Vienna Bildenden Künste 1892-1893. Influenced by the painter and philosopher Karl Diefenbach. Settled in Paris in 1895 and earned his living as an illustrator and cartoonist. He continued to illustrate books as he developed a separate abstract painting style that emerged out of Symbolism. Along with Robert Delaunay and Kandinsky, he developed a non-objective style preoccupied with musical rhythym and color. Kupka was interested in optics, physiology, and anthropology. Guillaume Apollinaire coined the term Orphism around 1912 in response to the work of Kupka, Francis Picabia, Robert Delaunay, and others who were developing their own response to Cubism and Futurism.

Names:
Kupka, František (preferred,V,index,LC)
František Kupka (V,display)
Kupka, Frank (V)
Kupka, Frantisek (V)
Frantisek Kupka (V)
Kupka, Frans (V)
Kupka, Franz (V)
Kupka, Frantz (V)
Frantz Kupka (V)
Kupka, F. (U)
Ḳupḳah, F. (U)
Kupka, François (U)
קופקה, פ. (U)

Nationalities:
Czech (preferred)
Bohemian
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
graphic artist
printmaker
illustrator

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Opočno (Vychodocesky Kraj, Czech Republic) (inhabited place)
Died:  Puteaux (Hauts-de-Seine department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   France (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
founder of ....  Abstraction-Création  
..................  (International group of artists, active 1931-1936 in Paris) [500125031]
member of ....  Abstraction-Création  
................  (International group of artists, active 1931-1936 in Paris) [500125031]
student of ....  Eisenmenger, August  
..................  (Austrian painter, 1830-1907) [500014889]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Kupka, František (I)

Biographies:
(Czech painter, 1871-1957, active in France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Czech artist, 1871-1957) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Czech artist, 1871-1957) ..... [WCP]
(Czechoslovakian painter, 1871-1957) ..... [PROV]
(Czech painter in FRA, 1871-1957) ..... [BHA]
(Czech, 1871-1957) ..... [GRLPSC]
(artist, 1871-1957) ..... [GRL]
(Bohemian painter, 1871-1957) ..... [Grove Art]

Sources and Contributors:
Frantisek Kupka ........ [PROV]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
František Kupka ........ [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Frantz Kupka ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Kupka, F. ........ [GRL]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441
Kupka, François ........ [GRL]
................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441
Kupka, Frank ........ [GRL, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art, PROV]
..........................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441
..........................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Kupka, Frans ........ [PROV]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Kupka, František ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred]
..................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441
Kupka, Frantisek ........ [PROV Preferred]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Kupka, Frantz ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kupka, Franz ........ [PROV]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Ḳupḳah, F. ........ [GRL]
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441
קופקה, פ. ........ [GRL]
..................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50058441

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Havlice, Index to Artistic Biography (1973)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  McG
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 October 2004
.......... Phaidon Encyclopedia of Art and Artists (1978) 371
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