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ID: 500005369
 
Record Type: Person
Bill, Max (Swiss architect, painter, and sculptor, 1908-1994)

Note: Swiss sculptor, painter, typographer, and teacher studied at the Bauhaus (1927-1929) and remained faithful to that institution's tenets throughout his life. Bill relied on mathematics and geometry to create his paintings and sculptural works, and is associated with the theories of concrete art. His works are abstract, based on grid systems or concerned with geometric conundrums such as the Möbius strip. He was an active member of the Abstraction-Création group, and was rector of the Ulm Hochschule für Gestaltung from 1951-1955. He also acted as architect of the HFG's buildings. Swiss painter, sculptor and architect; d. 12/9/94 in Berlin.

Names:
Bill, Max (preferred,V,index,LC)
Max Bill (V,display)

Nationalities:
Swiss (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
sculptor
typographer
architect
industrial designer
graphic designer
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Winterthur (Zürich canton, Switzerland) (inhabited place)
Died:  Zurich (Zürich canton, Switzerland) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Bill, Max (I)

Biographies:
(Swiss architect, painter, and sculptor, 1908-1994) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1908-1994) ..... [GRL]
(Swiss painter, 1908-1994) ..... [AVERY]
(Swiss sculptor, born 1908) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Swiss artist, born 1908) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Swiss architect, 1908-1994) ..... [Grove Art]
(Swiss artist, 1908-) ..... [WCP]
(Swiss sculptor, architect, and painter, b.1908) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Swiss architect, painter, sculptor, b.1908) ..... [BHA]
(Swiss architect, 1908-) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Bill, Max ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................  Friedl, Typography (1998) 129
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50011175
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL50011175; accessed 5 July 2007
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
Max Bill ........ [VP]
..................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bangert, Der Stil der 50er Jahre (1983) p.112
....................  Friedl, Typography (1998) 129
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 11 November 2005
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Lexikon der zeitgen schweizer Künstler (1981)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL50011175; accessed 5 July 2007
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 9 May 2005
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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