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ID: 500005199
 
Record Type: Person
Nadar (French photographer, caricaturist, and journalist, 1820-1910)

Note: Born into a family of printers, Gaspard-Félix Tournachon began his career as a journalist, and later a caricaturist. He began to use the name "Nadar" in 1939 in his articles written for Parisian journals. He first attempted photography in 1853 and in 1854 he studied photography with Camille d'Arnaud. He opened his own studio in Paris and became known as a respected portrait photographer, with a concern for grasping the sitter's "inner life". In 1857, Nadar began to experiment with electric lighting and then opened the Salon of Electric Photography in Paris. In 1858, Nadar took the first aerial photographs of Paris from a hot air balloon. Two years later, he established branch studios in Paris and Marseille, and was named Inspector General of Photographers of the French Army in 1861. From 1861 to 1862, Nadar made photographic reportages on the sewers and catacombs of Paris. In 1870 Nadar organized a carrier-pigeon and micro photography system to deliver messages out of the beseiged city of Paris. Nadar's son Paul became director of the photography business in 1874 and became head of the firm in 1886 upon the retirement of his father. A fourth Nadar studio was opened in Marseille in 1896.

Names:
Nadar (preferred,V,index)
Felix Tournachon (V,display)
Nadar, Félix (V,LC)
Félix Nadar (V)
Tournachon, Félix (V)
Tournachon, Gaspard-Félix (V)
Tournachon, Gaspard Félix (V)
Gaspard Félix Tournachon (V)
Tournachon, Gaspard Felix (V)
Tournachon, Felix (V)
Tournachon, Pseudo Nadar (V)
Nadard (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Parisian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer
author
caricaturist
journalist
printmaker
draftsman
writer
sportsman

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1853-1886  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
parent of ....  Nadar, Paul  
................  (French photographer, 1856-1939) [500027123]
sibling of ....  Tournachon, Adrien Alban  
..................  (French painter and photographer, 1825-1903) [500019756]
student of ....  Arnaud, Camille d'  
..................  (French photographer, active mid- to late 19th century) [500036991]
student of ....  Bertsch, Auguste-Adolphe  
..................  (French photographer and optical instrument maker, died 1871) [500033371]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Nadar (I)

Biographies:
(French photographer, caricaturist, and journalist, 1820-1910) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1820-1910) ..... [WCP]
(French photographer and journalist; born Paris (France), 1820; died 1910) ..... [CCA]
(French photographer, caricaturist, author, 1820-1910) ..... [BHA]
(French, 1820-1910) ..... [JPGM]
(artist, 1820-1910) ..... [GRL]
(French photographer, 1820-1910) ..... [Grove Art]
(French artist, 1820-1910) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Félix Nadar ........ [CCA, VP]
........................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Felix Tournachon ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Gaspard Félix Tournachon ........ [BHA, VP]
.................................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Nadar ........ [BHA Preferred, CCA, GRL, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.............  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.............  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
.............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50014563
Nadard ........ [GRL, VP]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50014563
...............  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 21 September 2009
Nadar, Félix ........ [CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, VP]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50014563
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Tournachon, Félix ........ [CCA, GRL, Grove Art]
....................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50014563
Tournachon, Felix ........ [VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
....................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Tournachon, Gaspard Félix ........ [CCA, GRL, Grove Art, VP]
...................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
...................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50014563
Tournachon, Gaspard Felix ........ [CCA]
...................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Tournachon, Gaspard-Félix ........ [CCA]
.....................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Tournachon, Pseudo Nadar ........ [WL-Courtauld]
.................................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [BHA, CCA, GRL, Grove Art, JPGM, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Hough, Images on Paper (1979) 45
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Johnson, Nineteenth-Century Photography (1990) 445
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  McCauley, Industrial Madness (1994) 105-148
....................  Osterwalder, Dictionnaire des illustrateurs (1983-)
....................  Petit Robert 2: Noms propres (1989)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [CCA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
.......... Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 December 2003
.......... Hough, Images on Paper (1979)
.......... Johnson, Nineteenth-Century Photography (1990)
.......... McCauley, Industrial Madness (1994) 144
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