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 Representative Images:    1  2
ID: 500003939
 
Record Type: Person
Houdon, Jean-Antoine (French sculptor, 1741-1828)

Note: Houdon studied under Slodtz, Pigalle, and Lemoyne at the ancienne école académique and at the age of twenty won the Prix de Rome. Three years later, Houdon obtained a residency at the Académie de France in Rome, and in Italy, he discovered the newly uncovered works at Herculaneum and Pompeii as well as works of the Renaissance sculptors, especially Michelangelo. A year after his return to Paris in 1768, Houdon was received into the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture. In 1771, Houdon became a member of the Académie, presenting his marble 'Morpheus' as his reception piece; Houdon was named professor at the Académie in 1778. Throughout his career, he moved easily between a style of controlled classicism and a baroque dynamism, adapting the treatment to the nature of the subject. His work also displays a rigorous realism, inspired by quattrocentro sculpture and based on in-depth anatomical studies. His sense of classical restraint coupled with an incisive understanding of and ability to depict human character give Houdon's portraits their particular vitality and reflective expression. French sculptor.

Names:
Houdon, Jean-Antoine (preferred,V,index)
Jean-Antoine Houdon (V,display)
Houdon, Jean Antoine (V,LC)
Jean Antoine Houdon (V)
Gudon, Zhan Antuan (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Parisian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
portraitist
teacher
caster

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Versailles (Yvelines, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1764-1767  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Lemoyne, Jean Baptiste, the elder  
........................  (French sculptor, ca. 1679-1731) [500115787]
apprentice of ....  Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste  
........................  (French sculptor, 1714-1785) [500024799]
member of ....  Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture  
................  (French fine arts academy, 1648-1793) [500115631]
patron was ....  Louis XVI, King of France  
..................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1754-1793) [500122357]
patron was ....  Napolean I, Emperor of the French  
..................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1769-1821) [500122388]
student of ....  Slodtz, René-Michel  
..................  (French sculptor, 1705-1764) [500028583]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Houdon, Jean-Antoine (I)

Biographies:
(French sculptor, 1741-1828) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1741-1828) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1741-1828) ..... [GRL]
(French sculptor, 1741-1828) ..... [Grove Art]
(French artist, 1741-1828) ..... [PROV]
(French sculptor, 1741-1828) ..... [AVERY]
(French, 1741-1828) ..... [JPGM]
(French sculptor, 1741-1828) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French sculptor, 1741-1828) ..... [BHA]
(French artist, 1741-1828) ..... [WCP]

Sources and Contributors:
Gudon, Zhan Antuan ........ [GRL]
.....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79008240
Houdon, Jean Antoine ........ [GRL Preferred, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79008240
.........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Houdon, Jean-Antoine ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
...........................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
...........................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
Jean-Antoine Houdon ........ [VP]
.........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Jean Antoine Houdon ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  AKL
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Sauerländer, Versuch über die Gesichter Houdons (2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 8 March 2005
.......... Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
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