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ID: 500002617
 
Record Type: Person
Aalto, Alvar (Finnish architect and designer, 1898-1976)

Note: Aalto, famous for his bent plywood furniture, began designing furniture in the early 1930s. His furniture, like his architecture, reveals his attention to simple practical needs, a proclivity for linear elegance, and an innate understanding of natural forms and textures. His famous library at Viipuri (ca. 1927) is in the International Modern style. He also designed some significant glass bowls in the 1930s that are among the earliest examples of 'free form' in a utilitarian object.

Names:
Aalto, Alvar (preferred,V,index,LC)
Alvar Aalto (V,display)
Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik (V)
Āruto, Aruvā (U)

Nationalities:
Finnish (preferred)
Scandinavian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
decorative artist
designer
furniture designer
glass designer
architect

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Kuortane (Länsi-Suomen Lääni, Finland) (inhabited place)
Died:  Helsinki (Etelä-Suomen Lääni, Finland) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Revell, Viljo  1933-1934
....................  (Finnish architect, 1910-1964) [500018880]
employee was ....  Ervi, Aarne  
......................  (Finnish architect, 1910-1977) [500063829]
employee was ....  Gullichsen, Kristian  
......................  (Finnish architect, born 1932) [500083757]
related to ....  Artek  
..................  (Finnish company, contemporary) [500261915]
spouse of ....  Mäkiniemi, Elissa  from 1952
................  (Finnish architect, 1922-1994) [500002611]
student of ....  Lindgren, Armas  
..................  (Finnish architect and designer, 1874-1929) [500004960]
worked with ....  Baruël, Jean Jacques  
....................  (Danish architect, born 1923) [500108109]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Aalto, Alvar (I)

Biographies:
(Finnish architect and designer, 1898-1976) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(artist, 1898-1976) ..... [GRL]
(Finnish architect, 1898-1976) ..... [Grove Art]
(Finnish architect, 1898-1976) ..... [AVERY]
(Finnish architect) ..... [AVERY]
(Finnish architect, 1898-1976) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Aalto, Alvar ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred]
..........................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..........................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
..........................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79018877
Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik ........ [AVERY, GRL, Grove Art, VP]
................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
................................................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989) 9
................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79018877
Alvar Aalto ........ [VP]
........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Āruto, Aruvā ........ [GRL]
.........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79018877

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Avery Obituary Index [n.d.] 1980
....................  Dictionary of Scandinavian Biography (1976)
....................  Dictionnaire universel de l'art (1967-1968)
....................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989) 9-10; 9
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 July 2003
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  NY Times obit.
....................  Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Art (1981)
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989) 9-10
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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