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ID: 500002063
 
Record Type: Person
Clérisseau, Charles Louis (French architect, painter, and archaeologist, 1722-1820)

Note: Clérisseau was a notable if controversial figure associated with the development of the Neo-classical style of architecture and interior design and its dissemination throughout Europe and the United States. He trained as an architect in Paris under Germain Boffrand. He was awarded the prix de Rome in 1746 and was "pensionnaire du Roi" at the French Academy in Rome from 1749 to 1754. In 1755 Clérisseau began an association with Robert Adam, first as a teacher and later as an employee assisting him with his study of ancient architecture and decorative forms and their adaptation to new architectural style. In 1778 Clérisseau was appointed "premier architecte" and "membre honoraire de l'Académie Impériale des Arts" by Catherine the Great, and in 1781 "premier architecte de Sa Majesté." Clérisseau exhibited at the Royal Academy, England, in 1772. Clerisseau's one complete building is the gigantic Palais de Gouverneur (1776--89) in Metz. The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg has the largest collection of his drawings. French architect and draftsman.

Names:
Clérisseau, Charles Louis (preferred,V,index)
Charles Louis Clérisseau (V,display)
Charles-Louis Clérisseau (V)
Clerisseau, Charles (V)
Clerisseau, Charles Louis (V)
Clérisseau, Charles-Louis (V,LC)
Clérisseau, Jacques Louis (V)
Charles Louis Clerisseau (V)
Clerisseau, Jacques Louis (V)
Clérisseau, C. (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
painter
archaeologist
draftsman

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Auteuil (Yvelines, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   ca. 1749-1767  Italy (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
parent by marriage (in-law) of ....  Legrand, Jacques Guillaume  
....................................................  (French architect, 1743-1808) [500028033]
student of ....  Boffrand, Germain  
..................  (French architect and engineer, 1667-1754) [500018114]
teacher of ....  Adam, Robert  
..................  (Scottish architect and designer, 1728-1792) [500008907]
teacher of ....  Chambers, William  
..................  (English and Swedish architect and author, 1723-1796) [500004575]
teacher of ....  Legrand, Jacques Guillaume  
..................  (French architect, 1743-1808) [500028033]
teacher of ....  Moulinier, Jacques  
..................  (French painter, 1753-1828) [500051733]
teacher of ....  Poulleau, Claude René Gabriel  
..................  (French engraver, born 1749) [500043404]
worked with ....  Jefferson, Thomas  ca. 1790
....................  (American statesman, architect, and draftsman, 1743-1826) [500017255]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Clérisseau, Charles Louis (I)

Biographies:
(French architect, painter, and archaeologist, 1722-1820) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1721-1820) ..... [GRL]
(French architect, 1721-1820) ..... [Grove Art]
(French architect, 1721-1820) ..... [AVERY]
(French artist, 1722-1820) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French architect, painter, draughtsman, archaeologist and artist; born Paris (France), 1721; died Auteuil (France), 1820) ..... [CCA]
(French painter and architect, 1722-1820) ..... [AVERY]
(French artist, 1722-1820) ..... [WCP]
(French painter, 1722-1820) ..... [PROV]
(French painter and architect, 1722-1820) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French architect, painter, 1722-1820) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Charles Louis Clérisseau ........ [PROV]
.................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Charles-Louis Clérisseau ........ [CCA]
...................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Charles Louis Clerisseau ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Clérisseau, C. ........ [GRL]
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84182749
Clerisseau, Charles ........ [PROV]
........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Clérisseau, Charles Louis ........ [BHA Preferred, CCA, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred]
...................................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
Clerisseau, Charles Louis ........ [PROV, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
...................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
...................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Clérisseau, Charles-Louis ........ [AVERY Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred]
.....................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.....................................................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
.....................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 84182749
Clérisseau, Jacques Louis ........ [GRLPSC]
...................................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
Clerisseau, Jacques Louis ........ [WL-Courtauld]
...................................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Denison, Exploring Rome (1993) 158, 162
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Art (1969) v.2
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 23 May 2002
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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