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ID: 500000537
 
Record Type: Person
Le Gray, Gustave (French photographer, painter, and teacher, 1820-1884)

Note: Originally a student of painting, Le Gray began experimenting with photography in the late 1840s, and became well-known for his photos of the Forest of Fontainebleau. He was a founding member of the Société Héliographique in 1851, and of the Société Française de Photographie in 1854. He introduced the wax paper process to the Académie des Sciences in 1851. That same year, Le Gray along with Bayard, Baldus, Le Secq and Mestral, began to photograph the architectural monuments of France for the Commission des Monuments Historiques. He worked with his student Mestral on goverment sponsored missions héliographiques in the Touraine and Aquitaine. In 1855, he established a commercial studio in Paris, which dissolved by 1960 due to financial difficulties. To escape creditors, he moved to Egypt, and continued to photograph and teach there until his death in 1884. French photographer.

Names:
Le Gray, Gustave (preferred,V,index,LC)
Gustave Le Gray (V,display)
Gray, Gustave Le (V)
Le Gray, Jean-Baptiste-Gustave (V)
Le Gray, Jean Baptiste Gustave (V)
Le Gray, J. B. Gustave (V)
Legray, Gustave (V)
Gustave Legray (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
photographer
teacher

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Villiers-le-Bel (Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Cairo (Al-Qāhirah governorate, Egypt) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
related to ....  Société héliographique  
..................  (French photographers, active 1851-1870) [500272962]
student of ....  Delaroche, Paul  
..................  (French painter and sculptor, 1797-1856) [500115439]
teacher of ....  Du Camp, Maxime  in 1849
..................  (French author and photographer, 1822-1894, active in the Middle East and Africa) [500021954]
teacher of ....  Mestral, O.  
..................  (French photographer, active 19th century) [500084327]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Le Gray, Gustave (I)

Biographies:
(French photographer, painter, and teacher, 1820-1884) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1820-1882) ..... [GRL]
(French photographer, 1820-1884) ..... [Grove Art]
(French photographer, 1820-1884) ..... [AVERY]
(French artist, active 1848-1853) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French, 1820-1882) ..... [JPGM]
(French photographer, painter and teacher; born Villiers-le-Bel (France), 1820; died Cairo (Egypt), 1882) ..... [CCA]
(French painter, photographer, 1820-1882) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Gray, Gustave Le ........ [CCA, GRL]
.................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 86862125
Gustave Le Gray ........ [CCA, VP]
...............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Gustave Legray ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Le Gray, Gustave ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
.................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 86862125
.................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Legray, Gustave ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Le Gray, J. B. Gustave ........ [VP]
...........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Le Gray, Jean Baptiste Gustave ........ [CCA]
...........................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Le Gray, Jean-Baptiste-Gustave ........ [Grove Art, VP]
...............................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...............................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 December 2003

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, GRL, Grove Art, JPGM, VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Architectural review 2002 May, v.211, n.1263-25 24
....................  Aubenas, Gustave Le Gray, 1820-1884 (2002)
....................  Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Gernsheim, History of Photography from the Camera Obscura (1969)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 December 2003
....................  Image (1972-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Jammes and Jammes, Niepce to Atget (1977)
....................  Jammes and Janis, Art of French Calotype (1983) 200-204
....................  Janis, Photography of Gustave Le Gray (1987)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Architectural review 2002 May, v.211, n.1263-25 24
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 1 December 2003
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