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ID: 500027150
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500027150

 

Record Type: Person
Johnson, William H. (American painter and printmaker, 1901-1970)

Note: Originally from Florence, South Carolina, Johnson spent much of his adult life traveling, and completed hundreds of oils, watercolors, gouaches, pen-and-ink sketches, block prints, silk screens, and ceramics during his career, which spanned a gamut of styles from the academic, through Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, and German Expressionism. Johnson left Florence around 1918 and moved to New York where he enrolled in the National Academy of Design and worked with the painter Charles Hawthorne. In 1926 Hawthorne raised funds to send Johnson abroad to study. He traveled in Europe beginning in 1926 and returned to New York in 1929. He returned to Europe and married Holcha Krake, a Danish textile artist, and settled in Denmark. They returned to the US in 1938, where he adopted a self-consciously vernacular style marked by vivid colors and flat compositions, drawing from African sculpture and African-American models for inspiration. His new subject matter included Harlem life, the rural south, and religious scenes. He attacked racism, and depicted African-American heroes and historical figures. After the death of his wife in 1944, he began a decline into mental illness and eventually ceased to produce art.

Names:
Johnson, William H. (preferred,V,index,LC)
William H. Johnson (V,display)
Johnson, William Henry (V)
William Henry Johnson (V)
Johnson, William Howard (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
African American

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Florence (Florence county, South Carolina, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Long Island (New York state, United States) (island)

Events:
active:   New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)
active:   Denmark (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Hawthorne, Charles Webster  
..................  (American painter, 1872-1930) [500008988]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Johnson, William H. (I)

Biographies:
(American painter and printmaker, 1901-1970) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(American artist, 1901-1970) ..... [WCP]
(American artist, 1901-1970) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1901-1970) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American painter, 1901-1970) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1901-1970) ..... [GRL]
(American artist, 1901-1970) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Johnson, William H. ........ [GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, MoMA Preferred, VP, WCP Preferred]
.......................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
.......................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50039250
Johnson, William Henry ........ [BHA Preferred, VP, WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.............................................  Witt Computer Index database
.............................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Johnson, William Howard ........ [Grove Art]
...............................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
William Henry Johnson ........ [VP]
...........................................  Lewis, African American Art and Artists (2003) 88
William H. Johnson ........ [MoMA, VP]
.....................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
.....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRL, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Cederholm, Afro-American artists (1973)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50039250
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Lewis, African American Art and Artists (2003) 88-95; 88
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50039250
....................  Two centuries of Black American art (1976)
....................  William H. Johnson, 1901-1970 (1971)
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Lewis, African American Art and Artists (2003) 88-95
.......... National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002)
.......... Smithsonian American Art Museum [online] (2004)
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