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   Hierarchy of Top of the TGN hierarchy (hierarchy root) Top of the TGN hierarchy (hierarchy root)
   Hierarchy of World (facet) .... World (facet)
   ........ Europe (continent)
View physical features ............ [ view physical features ]
   Hierarchy of Adygeya (republic) .................... Adygeya (republic) [N]
   .................... Alemannia (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Alsace (historical region) .................... Alsace (historical region)
   .................... Alsace-Lorraine (general region)
   .................... Andalucía (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Andorra (nation) .................... Andorra (nation)
   .................... Angevin Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Aragón (historical region)
   .................... Ardennes (general region)
   Hierarchy of Arkhangel’skaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Arkhangel’skaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Augustowski, Kanał (canal)
   .................... Austrian Netherlands (historical region)
   .................... Austrian Silesia (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Auvergne (historical region) .................... Auvergne (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Baltic Countries (general region) .................... Baltic Countries (general region)
   .................... Banat (general region)
   Hierarchy of Bashkortostan (republic) .................... Bashkortostan (republic) [N]
   .................... Batavian Republic (historical region)
   Hierarchy of België (nation) .................... België (nation)
   Hierarchy of Belgorodskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Belgorodskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Benelux Economic Union (union)
   .................... Bessarabia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Bieloruś (nation) .................... Bieloruś (nation)
   Hierarchy of Bosna i Hercegovina (nation) .................... Bosna i Hercegovina (nation)
   Hierarchy of Brabant (historical region) .................... Brabant (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Brandenburg (general region) .................... Brandenburg (general region)
   Hierarchy of Bretagne (historical region) .................... Bretagne (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Bryanskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Bryanskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Bukovina (general region)
   Hierarchy of Bulgaria (nation) .................... Bulgaria (nation)
   .................... Bundesrepublik Deutschland (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Camino de Santiago de Compostela (road)
   .................... Caput Adriae (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Caucasus (general region) .................... Caucasus (general region) [N]
   .................... Cedillo, Embalse de (reservoir)
   .................... Central Europe (general region)
   .................... Cerdagne (general region)
   Hierarchy of Česko (nation) .................... Česko (nation)
   .................... Československo (general region)
   Hierarchy of Chechnya (republic) .................... Chechnya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Chuvashiya (republic) .................... Chuvashiya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Crna Gora (nation) .................... Crna Gora (nation)
   Hierarchy of Dacia (historical region) .................... Dacia (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Dagestan (republic) .................... Dagestan (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Danmark (nation) .................... Danmark (nation)
   .................... Deutsche Demokratische Republik (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Deutschland (nation) .................... Deutschland (nation)
   .................... Deutsch-Luxemburgischer Naturpark (park)
   .................... Dobruja (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Eastern Europe (general region) .................... Eastern Europe (general region)
   Hierarchy of Edirne (province) .................... Edirne (province) [N]
   Hierarchy of Eesti (nation) .................... Eesti (nation)
   Hierarchy of Ellás (nation) .................... Ellás (nation)
   Hierarchy of English Pale, The (general region) .................... English Pale, The (general region)
   Hierarchy of España (nation) .................... España (nation)
   Hierarchy of Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities) .................... Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities)
   .................... European Union (union)
   .................... Euro Zone (union)
   .................... First Bulgarian Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... First French Empire (former group of nations/states/cities)
   Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire) .................... Flanders (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Føroyar (dependent state) .................... Føroyar (dependent state)
   Hierarchy of France (nation) .................... France (nation)
   Hierarchy of Frankish Kingdoms (historical region) .................... Frankish Kingdoms (historical region)
   .................... Friesland (general region)
   .................... Galicia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Gallia Transpadana (historical region) .................... Gallia Transpadana (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region) .................... Gaul (historical region)
   .................... Gent naar Terneuzen, Kanaal van (canal)
   .................... German Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Gibraltar (dependent state) .................... Gibraltar (dependent state)
   .................... Grand Duchy of Moscow (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Grand Empire (historical region) .................... Grand Empire (historical region)
   .................... Grand-Saint-Bernard, Tunnel du (tunnel)
   .................... Greece (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Greece (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Guernsey (dependent state) .................... Guernsey (dependent state)
   .................... Hainaut (general region)
   .................... Hanse (former group of nations/states/cities)
   Hierarchy of Hispania (general region) .................... Hispania (general region)
   Hierarchy of Hrvatska (nation) .................... Hrvatska (nation)
   Hierarchy of Illyria (general region) .................... Illyria (general region)
   .................... Ingria (region (geographic))
   Hierarchy of Ingushetiya (republic) .................... Ingushetiya (republic) [N]
   .................... Ionia (general region)
   .................... Ípiros (general region)
   Hierarchy of Ireland (nation) .................... Ireland (nation)
   .................... Iron Gate Reservoir (reservoir)
   Hierarchy of Ísland (nation) .................... Ísland (nation)
   Hierarchy of Isle of Man (dependent state) .................... Isle of Man (dependent state)
   Hierarchy of İstanbul (province) .................... İstanbul (province) [N]
   Hierarchy of Italia (nation) .................... Italia (nation)
   Hierarchy of Ivanovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Ivanovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Jan Mayen (dependent state) .................... Jan Mayen (dependent state)
   Hierarchy of Jersey (dependent state) .................... Jersey (dependent state)
   Hierarchy of Kabardino-Balkariya (republic) .................... Kabardino-Balkariya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kaliningradskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Kaliningradskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kalmykiya (republic) .................... Kalmykiya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kaluzhskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Kaluzhskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Kanaal Almelo-Nordhorn (canal)
   Hierarchy of Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (republic) .................... Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (republic) [N]
   .................... Karelia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Kareliya (republic) .................... Kareliya (republic) [N]
   .................... Khazar Khaganate (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Kingdom of Sicily (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Kırklareli (province) .................... Kırklareli (province) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kirovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Kirovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Klettgau (general region)
   Hierarchy of Komi (republic) .................... Komi (republic) [N]
   .................... Komi-Permyatskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug (former administrative division) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kosova (independent nation) .................... Kosova (independent nation)
   Hierarchy of Kostromskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Kostromskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Krasnodarskiy Kray (kray) .................... Krasnodarskiy Kray (kray) [N]
   Hierarchy of Kurskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Kurskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Lapland (general region)
   Hierarchy of Latvija (nation) .................... Latvija (nation)
   Hierarchy of Leningradskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Leningradskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Levant (general region) .................... Levant (general region) [N]
   Hierarchy of Liechtenstein (nation) .................... Liechtenstein (nation)
   Hierarchy of Lietuva (nation) .................... Lietuva (nation)
   .................... Liivimaa (general region)
   .................... Limburg (general region)
   Hierarchy of Limousin (historical region) .................... Limousin (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Lipetskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Lipetskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Lorraine (historical region) .................... Lorraine (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Low Countries (general region) .................... Low Countries (general region)
   .................... Lower Trajan's Wall (historic site)
   Hierarchy of Luxembourg (nation) .................... Luxembourg (nation)
   .................... Luxembourg (general region)
   .................... Macedonia (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Magyarország (nation) .................... Magyarország (nation)
   Hierarchy of Makedonija, Republika (nation) .................... Makedonija, Republika (nation)
   Hierarchy of Malta (nation) .................... Malta (nation)
   .................... Malta Channel (canal)
   Hierarchy of Mariy-El (republic) .................... Mariy-El (republic) [N]
   .................... Merovingian Kingdom (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Moesia (province) .................... Moesia (province)
   .................... Moldavia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Moldova (nation) .................... Moldova (nation)
   Hierarchy of Monaco (nation) .................... Monaco (nation)
   .................... Mont Blanc Tunnel (tunnel)
   .................... Mont Cenis, Tunnel du (tunnel)
   Hierarchy of Mordoviya (republic) .................... Mordoviya (republic) [N]
   .................... Mosan (general region)
   Hierarchy of Moskovskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Moskovskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Murmanskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Murmanskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Muskauer Park (park)
   .................... Narvskoye Vodokhranilishche (reservoir)
   .................... Navarre (general region)
   Hierarchy of Nederland (nation) .................... Nederland (nation)
   Hierarchy of Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug (autonomous district) .................... Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug (autonomous district) [N]
   .................... Niederrhein (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Nizhegorodskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Nizhegorodskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Norge (nation) .................... Norge (nation)
   Hierarchy of Northern Europe (general region) .................... Northern Europe (general region)
   .................... North Sea Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Northwestern Europe (general region)
   Hierarchy of Novgorodskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Novgorodskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Oberrhein (historical region)
   .................... Old Swiss Confederacy (former group of nations/states/cities)
   Hierarchy of Orenburgskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Orenburgskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Orlovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Orlovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Österreich (nation) .................... Österreich (nation)
   .................... Ostrogothic Kingdom (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Pannonia (general region) .................... Pannonia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Penzenskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Penzenskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Permskaya Oblast' (former administrative division) [N]
   Hierarchy of Polska (nation) .................... Polska (nation)
   .................... Pomerania (general region)
   Hierarchy of Portugal (nation) .................... Portugal (nation)
   .................... Prussia (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Pskovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Pskovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Rabnitz (canal)
   Hierarchy of România (nation) .................... România (nation)
   Hierarchy of Rostovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Rostovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Ryazanskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Ryazanskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Saimaan Kanava (canal)
   Hierarchy of Samarskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Samarskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Sankt-Peterburg (autonomous city) .................... Sankt-Peterburg (autonomous city) [N]
   Hierarchy of San Marino (nation) .................... San Marino (nation)
   Hierarchy of Santa Sede (nation) .................... Santa Sede (nation)
   Hierarchy of Saratovskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Saratovskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Sarmatia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Savoie (historical region) .................... Savoie (historical region)
   .................... Scandinavia (general region)
   Hierarchy of Schlesien (historical region) .................... Schlesien (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Schweiz (nation) .................... Schweiz (nation)
   .................... Scythia (historical region) [N]
   .................... Second Bulgarian Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Second Empire (former group of nations/states/cities)
   .................... Septimania (historical region)
   .................... Serbian Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya (republic) .................... Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Shqipëria (nation) .................... Shqipëria (nation)
   .................... Simplon Tunnel (tunnel)
   Hierarchy of Slovenija (nation) .................... Slovenija (nation)
   Hierarchy of Slovensko (nation) .................... Slovensko (nation)
   Hierarchy of Smolenskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Smolenskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   .................... Southeastern Europe (general region)
   .................... Southern Europe (general region)
   .................... Southern Netherlands (historical region)
   .................... South Flanders (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire) .................... Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire) [N]
   .................... Spanish Netherlands (historical region)
   Hierarchy of Srbija (nation) .................... Srbija (nation)
   .................... Srbija-Crna Gora (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Stânca-Costești, Lacul (reservoir)
   Hierarchy of Stavropol’skiy Kray (kray) .................... Stavropol’skiy Kray (kray) [N]
   Hierarchy of Suomi (nation) .................... Suomi (nation)
   Hierarchy of Svalbard (dependent state) .................... Svalbard (dependent state)
   Hierarchy of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (general region) .................... Svalbard and Jan Mayen (general region)
   Hierarchy of Sverige (nation) .................... Sverige (nation)
   .................... Swedish Empire (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Tambovskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Tambovskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Tatarstan (republic) .................... Tatarstan (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Tekirdağ (province) .................... Tekirdağ (province) [N]
   .................... Tende, Tunnel de (tunnel)
   .................... Teschen (general region)
   Hierarchy of Thrace (historical region) .................... Thrace (historical region)
   .................... Thule (lost area)
   Hierarchy of Thüringen (historical region) .................... Thüringen (historical region)
   .................... Tsardom of Russia (former nation/state/empire)
   Hierarchy of Tul’skaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Tul’skaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Tverskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Tverskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Udmurtiya (republic) .................... Udmurtiya (republic) [N]
   Hierarchy of Ukraina (nation) .................... Ukraina (nation)
   .................... Uladh, Cúige (general region)
   .................... Ulster Canal (canal)
   Hierarchy of Ul’yanovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Ul’yanovskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation) .................... United Kingdom (nation)
   Hierarchy of Vladimirskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Vladimirskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Volgogradskaya Oblast’ (oblast) .................... Volgogradskaya Oblast’ (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Vologodskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Vologodskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   Hierarchy of Voronezhskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Voronezhskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
   .................... Weimar Republic (former nation/state/empire)
   .................... Western Europe (general region)
   .................... Westhoek (general region)
   Hierarchy of Yaroslavskaya Oblast' (oblast) .................... Yaroslavskaya Oblast' (oblast) [N]
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The J. Paul Getty Trust