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ID: 7017459
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7017459

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Eşfahān (inhabited place)  Eşfahān (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 32 41 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 32.6833  decimal degrees
Long: 051 41 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 51.6833  decimal degrees

Note: A major city in west-central Îrān, Eşfahān became the capital of the region by Toghril Beg, the Turkish conqueror and founder of the Seljuq dynasty, in the mid-11th century. Although the city experienced much growth, only a few mosques and minarets survive from this period. After the fall of the dynasty, Eṣfahān declined, but was made capital again by Abbas I (reg 1588-1629), and entered its golden age, during the Safavid dynasty (1501-1732), when the city was rebuilt. During the early 18th century, the city was taken by the Afghans after a lenghty seige, and it went into decline until the mid-20th century, when Reza Shah Pahlavi commissioned reconstruction and restoration of many of the city's historical structures.

Names:
Eşfahān (preferred,C,V)
Eṣfahān (C,V,display)
Esfahan (C,V)
Isfahan (C,V)
Ispahan (C,V)
Isjphahan (C,V)
Gabae (H,V)  ............ during Achaemenian period
Aspadana (H,O)  ............ ancient name
Isahan (H,V)
Sepahan (H,V)
Nesf-e-Jahan (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Eşfahān (province)  ............  Eşfahān (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Eşfahān (inhabited place)  ................  Eşfahān (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an ancient center
provincial capital (B)  ............  of al-Jibāl province, 642; of Esfahān, currently
city (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  Esfahān University established 1936
capital (H)  ............  of Seljuq Turks, mid-11th cen.; of Shāh Abbās I, 1598

Sources and Contributors:
Aspadana..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 280-281
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12569
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 31
Eṣfahān..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 557
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 62
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
Esfahan..........  [VP]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
Eşfahān..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1999) 31
Gabae..........  [VP]
..............  Matheson, Persia Archaeological (1972) 180
Isahan..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 July 2003
Isfahan..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 557
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 October 2003
Isjphahan..........  [VP]
....................  Sotheby's online (1999-) accessed 11/20/99
Ispahan..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 280-281
Nesf-e-Jahan..........  [VP]
.......................  Iran Chamber [online] (2001) accessed 28 July 2003
Sepahan..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 July 2003
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 280-281
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 557
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12569
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 July 2003; accessed 7 October 2003
..................  Iran Chamber [online] (2001) accessed 28 July 2003
..................  Matheson, Persia Archaeological (1972) 180
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 31
..................  Sotheby's online (1999-) accessed 11/20/99
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 62
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1999) 31
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 9 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 July 2003
..........  Iran Chamber [online] (2001) accessed 28 July 2003

 

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